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Employment effects of business dynamics: Mice, Gazelles and Elephants

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  • Zoltan Acs
  • Pamela Mueller

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Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between business dynamics and employment effects in 320 U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA). Much of the theoretical work on industry dynamics focuses on the role of noisy selection and incomplete information on entry and survival. We extend this research by looking at the impact of firm heterogeneity on employment persistence. We find that only start-ups with greater than twenty employees have persistent employment effects over time and only in large diversified metropolitan regions. Therefore, both the type of entry and the characteristics of the region are important for employment growth.
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Suggested Citation

  • Zoltan Acs & Pamela Mueller, 2008. "Employment effects of business dynamics: Mice, Gazelles and Elephants," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 85-100, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:30:y:2008:i:1:p:85-100
    DOI: 10.1007/s11187-007-9052-3
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business dynamics; New business formation; Gazelles; Regions; J6; L6; L8; M13; L26;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • L8 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups

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