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Job creation, firm creation, and de novo entry

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  • Geurts, Karen
  • Van Biesebroeck, Johannes

Abstract

Firm turnover and growth recorded in administrative data sets differ from underlying firm dynamics. By tracing the employment history of the workforce of new and disappearing administrative firm identifiers, we can accurately identify de novo entrants and true economic exits, even when firms change identifier, merge, or split-up. For a well-defined group of new firms entering the Belgian economy between 2004 and 2011, we find highly regular post-entry employment dynamics in spite of the volatile macroeconomic environment. Exit rates decrease with age and size. Surviving entrants record high employment growth that is monotonically decreasing with age in every size class. Most remarkably, we find that Gibrat’s law is violated for very young firms. Conditional on age, the relationship between employment growth and current size is strongly and robustly positive. This pattern is obscured, or even reversed, when administrative entrants and exits are taken at face value. De novo entrants’ contribution to job creation is relatively small and not very persistent, in particular for (the large majority of) new firms that enter with fewer than five employees.

Suggested Citation

  • Geurts, Karen & Van Biesebroeck, Johannes, 2014. "Job creation, firm creation, and de novo entry," CEPR Discussion Papers 10118, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:10118
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrea Linarello & Andrea Petrella, 2016. "Productivity and reallocation: evidence from the universe of Italian firms," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 353, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    2. Chiara Criscuolo & Peter N. Gal & Carlo Menon, 2017. "Do micro start-ups fuel job creation? Cross-country evidence from the DynEmp Express database," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 48(2), pages 393-412, February.
    3. Francesco Manaresi & Filippo Scoccianti, 2017. "Battle scars. New firms’ capital, labor, and revenue growth during the double-dip recession," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 390, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    4. repec:hig:fsight:v:11:y:2017:i:3:p:83-93 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Huber, Peter & Oberhofer, Harald & Pfaffermayr, Michael, 2017. "Who creates jobs? Econometric modeling and evidence for Austrian firm level data," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 57-71.
    6. Karen Geurts & Jo Van Biesebroeck, 2017. "Employment growth following takeovers," Working Papers Department of Economics 590697, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    7. Geurts, Karen & Van Biesebroeck, Johannes, 2016. "Firm creation and post-entry dynamics of de novo entrants," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 59-104.
    8. Criscuolo, Chiara & Gal, Peter N. & Menon, Carlo, 2014. "The dynamics of employment growth: new evidence from 18 countries," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 60286, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    9. Francesco Manaresi, 2015. "Net employment growth by firm size and age in Italy," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 298, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    10. Bijnens, Gert & Konings, Jozef, 2018. "Declining Business Dynamism," CEPR Discussion Papers 12615, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    employment growth; firm dynamics; Gibrat's law;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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