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Innovation and Job Creation: A sustainable relation?

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This study examines growth patterns of innovative and non innovative firms and, in this regard, whether being an innovator determines company trajectories; i.e. whether there are systematic differences in the persistence of the jobs created by innovating vs. non-innovating firms. For this purpose, a semi-parametric quantile regression approach has been adopted examining serial correlation in employment by drawing on a unique longitudinal dataset of 3,300 Spanish firms over the years 2002-2009, obtained by matching different waves of the Spanish Encuesta sobre Innovacion en las Empresas, the Spanish innovation survey, which is administered every year by the Spanish National Statistics Institute (INE). The empirical results of the study indicate that among those firms experiencing high organic employment growth, smaller and younger innovative firms grow more, at average, than larger innovative firms. Moreover, the jobs created by innovative firms, in general, appear to be rather persistent over time whereas those created by non innovative firms do not. Among declining firms, non-innovators tend to deteriorate faster in terms of economic performance. Overall, evidence suggests that being innovative supports and stabilizes a firm's organic employment growth pattern and being smaller and younger seems to be a sufficient condition to experience high employment growth, i.e. – with regard to the latter – it is not necessary to have a comparably high R&D spending / being an R&D intensive company.

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  • Daria Ciriaci & Pietro Moncada-Paternò-Castello & Peter Voigt, 2013. "Innovation and Job Creation: A sustainable relation?," JRC Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation 2013-01, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
  • Handle: RePEc:ipt:wpaper:201301
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    1. L. Aldieri & C. P. Vinci, 2018. "Innovation effects on employment in high-tech and low-tech industries: evidence from large international firms within the triad," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 8(2), pages 229-243, June.
    2. Peng, Fei & Anwar, Sajid & Kang, Lili, 2017. "New technology and old institutions: An empirical analysis of the skill-biased demand for older workers in Europe," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 1-19.
    3. D'Artis Kancs & Boriss Siliverstovs, 2015. "Employment Effect of Innovation," JRC Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation 2015-07, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    4. Giovanni Dosi & Xiaodan Yu, 2017. "Technological catching-up, sales dynamics and employment growth: evidence from China's manufacturing firms," LEM Papers Series 2017/27, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    5. Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco, 2017. "Technological Change and Employment: Were Ricardo and Marx Right?," IZA Discussion Papers 10471, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Mariacristina Piva & Marco Vivarelli, 2017. "The employment impact of R&D expenditures and capital formation," DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Politica Economica ispe0078, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    7. repec:spr:eurasi:v:8:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s40821-017-0100-x is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco, 2017. "R&D Expenditures and Employment: Evidence from Europe," GLO Discussion Paper Series 18, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    9. Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco, 2017. "Is R&D Good for Employment? Microeconometric Evidence from the EU," IZA Discussion Papers 10581, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:4:p:1279-:d:142412 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Flavio Calvino, 2016. "Technological Innovation and the Distribution of Employment Growth: a firm-level analysis," LEM Papers Series 2016/37, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    12. repec:gam:jecomi:v:5:y:2017:i:4:p:48-:d:121952 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Mariacristina Piva & Marco Vivarelli, 2018. "Is Innovation Destroying Jobs? Firm-Level Evidence from the EU," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-16, April.
    14. Falk, Martin & Hagsten, Eva, 2017. "Employment Impacts of Market Novelty Sales: Evidence for Nine European Countries," Ratio Working Papers 293, The Ratio Institute.
    15. Roberto Santolamazza & Dejan Pejcic, 2016. "Manifattura additiva: quale ruolo per il "capitale umano"?," ECONOMIA E SOCIETÀ REGIONALE, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2016(2), pages 113-144.
    16. repec:eee:respol:v:46:y:2017:i:8:p:1519-1530 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Laura Barbieri & Mariacristina Piva & Marco Vivarelli, 2016. "The Employment Impact of Different Forms of Innovation: Evidence from Italian Community Innovation Survey," DISCE - Quaderni del Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali dises1620, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    18. Fabio D'Orlando, 2018. "Problems, solutions and new problems with the third wave of technological unemployment," Working Papers 2018-02, Universita' di Cassino, Dipartimento di Economia e Giurisprudenza.
    19. Barbieri, Laura & Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco, 2016. "R&D, Embodied Technological Change and Employment: Evidence from Italian Microdata," IZA Discussion Papers 10354, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    20. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:2:p:463-:d:131183 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Stefano Bianchini & Gabriele Pellegrino, 2017. "Innovation persistence and employment dynamics," Working Papers 2017/03, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    22. repec:spr:eurasi:v:8:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s40821-017-0098-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    23. Pietro Moncada-Paterno-Castello & Peter Voigt, 2013. "The effect of innovative SMEs' growth to the structural renewal of the EU economy - A projection to the year 2020 –," JRC Working Papers JRC83400, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).

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    Keywords

    Serial correlation; quantile regression; Spanish firms; firm size; firms age; job creation; YICs;

    JEL classification:

    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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