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Who Creates Jobs? Econometric Modeling and Evidence for Austrian Firm Level Data

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  • Huber, Peter

    ()

  • Oberhofer, Harald

    ()

  • Pfaffermayr, Michael

    ()

Abstract

This paper offers an empirical analysis of net job creation patterns at the firm level for the Austrian economy between 1993 and 2013 focusing on the impact of firm size and age. We propose a new estimation strategy based on a two-part model. This allows to identify the structural parameters of interest and to decompose behavioral differences between exiting and surviving firms. Our findings suggest that conditional on survival, young Austrian firms experience the largest net job creation rates. Differences in firm size are not able to explain variation in net job creation rates among the group of continuing enterprises. Job destruction induced by market exit, however, is largest among the young and small firms with this effect being even more pronounced during the times of the Great Recession. In order to formulate sensible policy recommendations, a separate treatment of continuing versus exiting firms as proposed by the new two-part model estimation approach seems crucial.(authors' abstract)

Suggested Citation

  • Huber, Peter & Oberhofer, Harald & Pfaffermayr, Michael, 2015. "Who Creates Jobs? Econometric Modeling and Evidence for Austrian Firm Level Data," Department of Economics Working Paper Series 4650, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wus005:4650
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    Cited by:

    1. Gugler, Klaus & Weichselbaumer, Michael & Zulehner, Christine, 2018. "Effects of government spending on employment: Evidence from winners and runners-up in procurement auctions," SAFE Working Paper Series 213, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    2. Erhardt, Eva, 2017. "Who persistently creates jobs? Absolute versus relative high-growth firms," MPRA Paper 79295, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. repec:wfo:wstudy:60592 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Net job creation; firm size; firm age; one-part versus two-part models; Austrian economy; Great Recession;

    JEL classification:

    • C18 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Methodolical Issues: General
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups

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