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Productivity and Reallocation: Evidence from the Universe of Italian Firms

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  • Andrea Linarello

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  • Andrea Petrella

    ()

Abstract

This article investigates the contribution of allocative efficiency to aggregate labour productivity growth in Italy between 2005 and 2013. Exploiting a unique dataset that covers the universe of firms, we find that allocative efficiency increased during the period of observation. We show that the dynamics of aggregate labour productivity benefited from the reallocation of resources among continuing firms and from the net effect of business demography. Among industries, we find that reallocation has been stronger in industries that are more exposed to import competition from developing countries. Moreover, we document that the observed adjustments have not evenly affected all firms across the productivity distribution: selection has become tougher for firms belonging to the lower tail, forcing the exit of the least productive firms and favoring the reallocation of the workforce to the best performing ones.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Linarello & Andrea Petrella, 2017. "Productivity and Reallocation: Evidence from the Universe of Italian Firms," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 32, pages 116-136, Spring.
  • Handle: RePEc:sls:ipmsls:v:32:y:2017:7
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    2. Giordano, Claire & Marinucci, Marco & Silvestrini, Andrea, 2019. "The macro determinants of firms' and households' investment: Evidence from Italy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 118-133.
    3. Sara Calligaris & Massimo Del Gatto & Fadi Hassan & Gianmarco I P Ottaviano & Fabiano Schivardi & Tommaso MonacelliManaging Editor, 2018. "The productivity puzzle and misallocation: an Italian perspective," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 33(96), pages 635-684.
    4. Marco Bee & Julien Hambuckers, 2020. "Modeling multivariate operational losses via copula-based distributions with g-and-h marginals," DEM Working Papers 2020/3, Department of Economics and Management.
    5. A. Arrighetti & F. Landini, 2018. "Eterogeneità delle imprese e stagnazione del capitalismo italiano," Economics Department Working Papers 2018-EP01, Department of Economics, Parma University (Italy).
    6. Gnocato, Nicolò & Modena, Francesca & Tomasi, Chiara, 2020. "Labor market reforms and allocative efficiency in Italy," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C).
    7. Matteo Bugamelli & Andrea Linarello & Roberta Serafini, 2019. "The 'Margin call'. Export experience and firm entry into new export markets," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 536, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    8. Bańbura, Marta & Albani, Maria & Ambrocio, Gene & Bursian, Dirk & Buss, Ginters & de Winter, Jasper & Gavura, Miroslav & Giordano, Claire & Júlio, Paulo & Le Roux, Julien & Lozej, Matija & Malthe-Thag, 2018. "Business investment in EU countries," Occasional Paper Series 215, European Central Bank.
    9. Guzmán González-Torres & Giacomo Rodano, 2020. "Court efficiency and aggregate productivity: the credit channel," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1287, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    10. Armando Rungi & Francesco Biancalani, 2019. "Heterogeneous Firms and the North–South Divide in Italy," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 5(3), pages 325-347, October.
    11. Maria Gabriela Ladu & Andrea Linarello & Filippo Oropallo, 2020. "Trade shocks, product mix adjustment and productivity growth in Italian manufacturing," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(5), pages 1434-1451, May.
    12. Andrea Linarello & Andrea Petrella & Enrico Sette, 2019. "Allocative Efficiency and Finance," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 487, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    13. Matteo Bugamelli & Francesca Lotti & Monica Amici & Emanuela Ciapanna & Fabrizio Colonna & Francesco D’Amuri & Silvia Giacomelli & Andrea Linarello & Francesco Manaresi & Giuliana Palumbo & Filippo Sc, 2018. "Productivity growth in Italy: a tale of a slow-motion change," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 422, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    14. Effrosyni Adamopoulou & Emmanuele Bobbio & Marta De Philippis & Federico Giorgi, 2016. "Allocative efficiency and aggregate wage dynamics in Italy," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 340, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Productivity; OECD; Policies; Global Productivity; Total Factor Productivity; Wages; aggregate labour productivity; firms competition; resource allocation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

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