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Agricultural growth in Ethiopia (2004-2014): Evidence and drivers:

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  • Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane
  • Berhane, Guush
  • Minten, Bart
  • Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum

Abstract

Ethiopia’s agricultural sector has recorded remarkable rapid growth in the last decade. This paper documents aspects of this growth process. Over the last decade, there have been significant increases - more than a doubling - in the use of modern inputs, such as chemical fertilizers and improved seeds, explaining part of that growth. However, there was also significant land expansion, increased labor use, and Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth, estimated at 2.3 percent per year. The expansion in modern input use appears to have been driven by high government expenditures on the agricultural sector, including agricultural extension, but also by an improved road network, higher rural education levels, and favorable international and local price incentives.

Suggested Citation

  • Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane & Berhane, Guush & Minten, Bart & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2015. "Agricultural growth in Ethiopia (2004-2014): Evidence and drivers:," ESSP working papers 81, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:esspwp:81
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    Cited by:

    1. Tamru, Seneshaw & Minten, Bart & Alemu, Dawit & Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane, 2016. "The rapid expansion of herbicide use in smallholder agriculture in Ethiopia: Patterns, drivers, and implications," ESSP working papers 94, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Joachim Vandercasteelen & Seneshaw Tamru & Bart Minten & Johan Swinnen, 2017. "Secondary towns, agricultural prices, and intensification: Evidence from Ethiopia," LICOS Discussion Papers 39317, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
    3. repec:pal:eurjdr:v:29:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1057_s41287-017-0076-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Negassa, Asfaw & Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum & Dereje, Mekdim, 2017. "An assessment of the livestock economy in mixed crop-livestock production systems in Ethiopia:," ESSP working papers 101, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. Berhane, Guush & Dereje, Mekdim & Minten, Bart & Tamru, Seneshaw, 2017. "The rapid – but from a low base – uptake of agricultural mechanization in Ethiopia: Patterns, implications and challenges:," ESSP working papers 105, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Abay, Kibrom A. & Berhane, Guush & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum & Koru, Bethlehem & Abay, Kibrewossen, 2016. "Understanding farmers’ technology adoption decisions: Input complementarity and heterogeneity:," ESSP working papers 82, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    7. Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane & Berhane, Guush & Minten, Bart & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2016. "Non-farm income and labor markets in rural Ethiopia," ESSP working papers 90, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    8. Schmidt, Emily & Bekele, Firew, 2016. "Rural youth and employment in Ethiopia," ESSP working papers 98, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    9. Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2015. "Dynamic supply response of farm households in Ethiopia:," ESSP working papers 78, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    10. repec:eee:wdevel:v:105:y:2018:i:c:p:286-298 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    agricultural sector; productivity; agricultural growth; economic growth; farm inputs; poverty; farmland; total factor productivity; poverty alleviation;

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