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Asymmetric information risk in FX markets

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  • Ranaldo, Angelo
  • Somogyi, Fabricius

Abstract

This work studies the information content of trades in the world’s largest over-the-counter (OTC) market, the foreign exchange (FX) market. It analyzes a novel, comprehensive order flow data set, distinguishing among different groups of market participants and covering a large cross-section of currency pairs. We find compelling evidence of heterogeneous superior information across agents, time, and currency pairs, consistent with the asymmetric information theory and OTC market fragmentation. A trading strategy based on the permanent price impact, capturing asymmetric information risk, generates high returns even after accounting for risk, transaction cost, and other common risk factors shown in the FX literature.

Suggested Citation

  • Ranaldo, Angelo & Somogyi, Fabricius, 2021. "Asymmetric information risk in FX markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(2), pages 391-411.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:140:y:2021:i:2:p:391-411
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2020.12.007
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    2. Beckmann, Joscha & Czudaj, Robert L., 2022. "Exchange rate expectation, abnormal returns, and the COVID-19 pandemic," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 196(C), pages 1-25.
    3. Demirer, Riza & Yuksel, Asli & Yuksel, Aydin, 2022. "Time-varying risk aversion and currency excess returns," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C).
    4. Syrstad, Olav & Viswanath-Natraj, Ganesh, 2022. "Price-setting in the foreign exchange swap market: Evidence from order flow," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 146(1), pages 119-142.
    5. Yu‐Lun Chen & Yin‐Feng Gau, 2022. "The information effect of order flows in foreign currency futures and spot markets," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 42(8), pages 1549-1572, August.
    6. Hutchinson, Mark C. & Kyziropoulos, Panagiotis E. & O'Brien, John & O'Reilly, Philip & Sharma, Tripti, 2022. "Are carry, momentum and value still there in currencies?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 83(C).
    7. Olav Syrstad & Ganesh Viswanath-Natraj, 2020. "Price-setting in the foreign exchange swap market: Evidence from order flow," Working Paper 2020/16, Norges Bank.
    8. Tatyana Sukhadolets & Elena Stupnikova & Natalia Fomenko & Nadezhda Kapustina & Yuri Kuznetsov, 2021. "Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Investment in Construction and Poverty in Economic Crises (Denmark, Italy, Germany, Romania, China, India and Russia)," Economies, MDPI, vol. 9(4), pages 1-18, October.
    9. Hasbrouck, Joel & Levich, Richard M., 2021. "Network structure and pricing in the FX market," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 141(2), pages 705-729.
    10. Ingomar Krohn & Philippe Mueller & Paul Whelan, 2021. "Foreign Exchange Fixings and Returns Around the Clock," Staff Working Papers 21-48, Bank of Canada.
    11. Ur Rehman, Mobeen & Al Rababa'a, Abdel Razzaq & El-Nader, Ghaith & Alkhataybeh, Ahmad & Vo, Xuan Vinh, 2022. "Modelling the quantile cross-coherence between exchange rates: Does the COVID-19 pandemic change the interlinkage structure?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 76(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Asymmetric information; Currency portfolios; Order flow; OTC; Risk premium;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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    Access and download statistics

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