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Order Flow and Exchange Rate Dynamics

  • Martin D.D. Evans
  • Richard K. Lyons

Macroeconomic models of nominal exchange rates perform poorly. In sample, R2 statistics as high as 10 percent are rare. Out of sample, these models are typically out-forecast by a na‹ve random walk. This paper presents a model of a new kind. Instead of relying exclusively on macroeconomic determinants, the model includes a determinant from the field of microstructure-order flow. Order flow is the proximate determinant of price in all microstructure models. This is a radically different approach to exchange rate determination. It is also strikingly successful in accounting for realized rates. Our model of daily exchange-rate changes produces R2 statistics above 50 percent. Out of sample, our model produces significantly better short-horizon forecasts than a random walk. For the DM/$ spot market as a whole, we find that $1 billion of net dollar purchases increases the DM price of a dollar by about 1 pfennig.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 7317.

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Date of creation: Aug 1999
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Publication status: published as Evans, Martin D. D. and Richard K. Lyons. "Order Flow And Exchange Rate Dynamics," Journal of Political Economy, 2002, v110(1,Feb), 170-180.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7317
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