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Why Do Security Prices Change? A Transaction-Level Analysis of NYSE Stocks

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  • Ananth Madhavan
  • Matthew Richardson
  • Mark Roomans

Abstract

This article develops and tests a structural model of intraday price formation that embodies public information shocks and microstructure effects. We use the model to analyze intraday patterns in bid-ask spreads, price volatility, transaction costs, and return and quote autocorrelations, and to construct metrics for price discovery and effective trading costs. Information asymmetry and uncertainty over fundamentals decrease over the day, although transaction costs increase. The results help explain the U-shaped pattern in intraday bid-ask spreads and volatility, and are also consistent with the intraday decline in the variance of ask price changes. Article published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Financial Studies in its journal, The Review of Financial Studies.
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Suggested Citation

  • Ananth Madhavan & Matthew Richardson & Mark Roomans, 1996. "Why Do Security Prices Change? A Transaction-Level Analysis of NYSE Stocks," New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires 96-34, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business-.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:nystfi:96-34
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