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Understanding FX Liquidity

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  • Karnaukh, Nina

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  • Ranaldo, Angelo

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  • Söderlind, Paul

    ()

Abstract

We provide a comprehensive study of the liquidity of spot foreign exchange (FX) rates over more than two decades and a large cross-section of currencies. First, we show that FX liquidity can be accurately measured with daily and readily-available data. Second, we demonstrate that FX liquidity declines with funding constraints and global risk, supporting theoretical models relating funding and market liquidity. In these distressed circumstances, liquidity tends to evaporate more for developed and riskier currencies. Finally, we show stronger comovements of FX liquidities in distressed markets, especially when funding is constrained, volatility is high, and FX speculators incur losses.

Suggested Citation

  • Karnaukh, Nina & Ranaldo, Angelo & Söderlind, Paul, 2013. "Understanding FX Liquidity," Working Papers on Finance 1315, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance, revised Apr 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:usg:sfwpfi:2013:15
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    Cited by:

    1. Massimo Ferrari & Jonathan Kearns & Andreas Schrimpf, 2017. "Monetary policy's rising FX impact in the era of ultra-low rates," BIS Working Papers 626, Bank for International Settlements.
    2. repec:bla:jfnres:v:39:y:2016:i:4:p:411-436 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Lucas Marc Fuhrer, 2017. "Liquidity in the Repo Market," Working Papers 2017-06, Swiss National Bank.
    4. Noss, Joseph & Pedace, Lucas & Tobek, Ondrej & Linton, Oliver & Crowley-Reidy, Liam, 2017. "The October 2016 sterling flash episode: when liquidity disappeared from one of the world’s most liquid markets," Bank of England working papers 687, Bank of England.
    5. repec:oup:rfinst:v:21:y:2017:i:4:p:1355-1401. is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Byrne, Joseph P & Ibrahim, Boulis Maher & Sakemoto, Ryuta, 2017. "The Time-Varying Risk Price of Currency Carry Trades," MPRA Paper 80788, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Carlos Cantú, 2017. "Effects of capital controls on foreign exchange liquidity," BIS Working Papers 659, Bank for International Settlements.
    8. repec:oup:revfin:v:21:y:2017:i:4:p:1355-1401. is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Michael Moore & Andreas Schrimpf & Vladyslav Sushko, 2016. "Downsized FX markets: causes and implications," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, December.
    10. Li, Zhiyong & Lambe, Brendan & Adegbite, Emmanuel, 2017. "New Bid-Ask Spread Estimators from Daily High and Low Prices," MPRA Paper 79102, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Richard M Levich & Frank Packer, 2015. "Development and functioning of FX markets in Asia and the Pacific," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Cross-border Financial Linkages: Challenges for Monetary Policy and Financial Stability, volume 82, pages 75-132 Bank for International Settlements.
    12. repec:eee:ecofin:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:172-192 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Dietrich Domanski & Emanuel Kohlscheen & Ramon Moreno, 2016. "Foreign exchange market intervention in EMEs: what has changed?," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, September.
    14. Efstathios Panayi & Gareth Peters & Ioannis Kosmidis, 2014. "Liquidity commonality does not imply liquidity resilience commonality: A functional characterisation for ultra-high frequency cross-sectional LOB data," Papers 1406.5486, arXiv.org.
    15. Andrey G. Shulgin, 2017. "A Simple Theoretical Setup for the Evaluation of Sterilized Intervention Effectiveness in a Small Open Commodity Exporting Economy," HSE Working papers WP BRP 170/EC/2017, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    16. Aleksejs Krecetovs & Pasquale Della Corte, 2016. "Macro uncertainty and currency premia," 2016 Meeting Papers 624, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    17. repec:eee:mulfin:v:40:y:2017:i:c:p:47-62 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Orlov, Vitaly, 2016. "Currency momentum, carry trade, and market illiquidity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 1-11.
    19. Bank for International Settlements, 2017. "Foreign exchange liquidity in the Americas," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 90.
    20. Fecht, Falko & Reitz, Stefan & Weber, Patrick, 2015. "On the role of market makers for money market liquidity and tensions," Kiel Working Papers 2013, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    21. repec:eee:jfinec:v:125:y:2017:i:2:p:217-244 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Jakree Koosakul & Ilhyock Shim, 2017. "The beneficial aspect of FX volatility for market liquidity," BIS Working Papers 629, Bank for International Settlements.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    exchange rates; liquidity; transaction costs; commonality; low-frequency data;

    JEL classification:

    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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