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Credit risk and bank competition in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Brei, Michael
  • Jacolin, Luc
  • Noah, Alphonse

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between bank competition and stability in Sub-Saharan Africa. Using financial statements on 221 banks from 33 countries over the period 2000–15, we provide evidence for a U-shaped relationship between bank competition and credit risk. Up to a certain threshold, higher levels of bank competition are associated with lower credit risk. Above this threshold, more competition increases credit risks as the positive effects of competition are outweighed by the adverse effects of rising competition. The optimal threshold appears to be higher for African banks compared to banks from developed countries. We also find that credit risk in Sub-Saharan Africa is not only related to macroeconomic determinants, such as growth, public debt, economic concentration and financial development, but also to the business and regulatory environment. In particular, bank risks appear to be lower in countries where credit registry coverage is higher and the tenure of supervisors is shorter.

Suggested Citation

  • Brei, Michael & Jacolin, Luc & Noah, Alphonse, 2020. "Credit risk and bank competition in Sub-Saharan Africa," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ememar:v:44:y:2020:i:c:s1566014118303832
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ememar.2020.100716
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    Cited by:

    1. Irina Iakimenko & Maria Semenova & Eugeny Zimin, 2021. "The More The Better? Information Sharing And Credit Risk," HSE Working papers WP BRP 85/FE/2021, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    2. Karadima, Maria & Louri, Helen, 2020. "Non-performing loans in the euro area: Does bank market power matter?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    3. Kristina Kocisova & Martina Pastyriková, 2020. "Determinants of non-performing loans in European Union countries," Proceedings of Economics and Finance Conferences 10913085, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
    4. Maria Karadima & Helen Louri, 2019. "Non-performing loans in the euro area: does market power matter?," Working Papers 271, Bank of Greece.
    5. Rakan Fuad Aldomy & Chan Kok Thim & Nguyen Thi Phuong Lan & Mariati Binti Norhashim, 2020. "Bank Concentration and Financial Risk in Jordan," Montenegrin Journal of Economics, Economic Laboratory for Transition Research (ELIT), vol. 16(3), pages 31-44.
    6. Karadima, Maria & Louri, Helen, 2021. "Determinants of non-performing loans in Greece: the intricate role of fiscal expansion," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 110741, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. Enrique Bátiz-Zuk & José Luis Lara Sánchez, 2021. "Revisiting the link between systemic risk and competition based on network theory and interbank exposures," Working Papers 2021-26, Banco de México.
    8. Umar, Muhammad & Ji, Xiangfeng & Mirza, Nawazish & Rahat, Birjees, 2021. "The impact of resource curse on banking efficiency: Evidence from twelve oil producing countries," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    9. Votsoma Djekna & Timba Gaelle Tatiana & Nzihi Nziki Zenga, 2018. "The Influence of Operational Risk on the Performance of Banks' Financial Assets in Cameroon: Analysis of Non-performing Loans and Management Costs [L'influence Du Risque Opérationnel Sur Le Rendeme," Post-Print hal-03607165, HAL.
    10. Marcel Takoulac Kamta & Arsène Aurelien Njamen Kengdo & Alain Bertrand Ndzana Mekia & Franklin Dongmo Tsobjio, 2020. "Identification of risk-taking channel of monetary policy in Cameroon," Economic Research Guardian, Weissberg Publishing, vol. 10(2), pages 83-96, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank competition; Credit risk; Bank stability; Africa;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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