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Bank regulation and supervision in 180 countries from 1999 to 2011

Author

Listed:
  • James R. Barth
  • Gerard Caprio
  • Ross Levine

Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to discuss and provide new data and measures of bank regulatory and supervisory policies in 180 countries from 1999 to 2011. Design/methodology/approach - The authors' approach is based upon the quantification of hundreds of questions, including information on permissible bank activities, capital requirements, the powers of official supervisory agencies, information disclosure requirements, external governance mechanisms, deposit insurance, barriers to entry, and loan provisioning, to form indices of key bank regulatory and supervisory policies. Findings - It is found that the regulation and supervision of banks varies widely across countries in many different dimensions. Furthermore, there has not been a convergence in bank regulatory regimes over the past decade despite the worst global financial crisis since the Great Depression. Research limitations/implications - The data are based on survey responses and this requires that the answers be accurate. To better ensure this is the case, several checks were made to ensure greater accuracy in all the answers. Using this database one can perform various statistical analyses in attempt to determine which bank regulatory regimes work best to promote well-functioning banking systems. Originality/value - The authors' data and measures are new and unique so as enable policy makers and researchers to examine cross-country comparisons and analyses of changes in banking policies over time.

Suggested Citation

  • James R. Barth & Gerard Caprio & Ross Levine, 2013. "Bank regulation and supervision in 180 countries from 1999 to 2011," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 111-219, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:jfeppp:v:5:y:2013:i:2:p:111-219
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Barth, James R. & Caprio, Gerard Jr. & Levine, Ross, 2004. "Bank regulation and supervision: what works best?," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 205-248, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial institutions; Banks; Government policy; Regulation; Financial control; Comparative financial systems;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies

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