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A new data set on competition in national banking markets


  • Sofronis Clerides
  • Manthos D. Delis
  • Sotirios Kokas


We estimate the degree of competition in the banking sectors of 148 countries worldwide over the period 1997-2010. We employ three methods, namely those of Lerner (1934), Koetter, Kolari and Spierdijk (2012) and Boone (2008a). For the estimation of marginal cost required under all methods, we use the semi-parametric methodology of Delis (2012) that allows increasing the flexibility of the functional form imposed on the cost function. All three indices show that the competitive conditions in banking have deteriorated on average during the period 1997-2006. This trend reverses until 2008, while in 2009 and 2010 market power again increases. Thus, we provide evidence that the competitive conditions are correlated with financial stability. The empirical results also highlight important differences between regional and income groups of countries. On average, the banking systems of Sub-Saharan Africa and subsequently of East Asia and Pacific are the least competitive, while the banking systems of Europe and Central Asia and South Asia seem to be the most competitive ones. Further, the non-OECD countries characterized by either high- or low-income levels have less competitive banking sectors, while middle-income countries have more competitive banking sectors. For the OECD countries the results of the Lerner-type indices and the method by Boone (2008a) give conflicting results.

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  • Sofronis Clerides & Manthos D. Delis & Sotirios Kokas, 2013. "A new data set on competition in national banking markets," University of Cyprus Working Papers in Economics 08-2013, University of Cyprus Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucy:cypeua:08-2013

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michiel van Leuvensteijn & Christoffer Kok Sørensen & Jacob A. Bikker & Adrian A.R.J.M. van Rixtel, 2013. "Impact of bank competition on the interest rate pass-through in the euro area," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(11), pages 1359-1380, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fiordelisi, Franco & Mare, Davide Salvatore & Molyneux, Philip, 2015. "State-Aid, Stability and Competition in European Banking," MPRA Paper 67473, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Sophocles N. Brissimis & Manthos D. Delis & Maria Iosifidi, 2014. "Bank Market Power and Monetary Policy Transmission," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 10(4), pages 173-214, December.
    3. Yang, Jun & Shao, Hanhua, 2016. "Impact of bank competition on the bank lending channel of monetary transmission: Evidence from China," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 468-481.
    4. repec:seb:journl:v:15:y:2017:i:2:p:175-208 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:jbfina:v:83:y:2017:i:c:p:36-56 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Kalyvas, Antonios Nikolaos & Mamatzakis, Emmanuel, 2017. "Do creditor rights and information sharing affect the performance of foreign banks?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 13-35.
    7. Shijaku, Gerti, 2017. "Bank Stability and Competition: Evidence from Albanian Banking Market," MPRA Paper 79891, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Andrieş, Alin Marius & Căpraru, Bogdan, 2014. "The nexus between competition and efficiency: The European banking industries experience," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 566-579.
    9. Diallo, Boubacar, 2015. "Bank competition and crises revisited: New results," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 81-86.
    10. Malgorzata Pawlowska, 2016. "Market structure, business cycle and bank profitability: evidence on Polish banks," Bank i Kredyt, Narodowy Bank Polski, vol. 47(4), pages 341-364.
    11. Shijaku, Gerti, 2016. "Does bank competition affect bank stability after the global financial crisis?," MPRA Paper 79084, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Solanko, Laura & Weill, Laurent, 2014. "Does competition influence the bank lending channel in the euro area?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 356-366.
    13. Álvarez, Roberto & Bertin, Mauricio Jara, 2016. "Banking competition and firm-level financial constraints in Latin America," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 89-104.
    14. Chileshe, Patrick Mumbi, 2017. "Bank competition and financial system stability in a developing economy: does bank capitalization and size matter?," MPRA Paper 82758, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Saadet Kasman & Adnan Kasman, 2016. "Multimarket contact, market power and financial stability in the Turkish banking industry," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 50(2), pages 361-382, March.
    16. repec:spd:journl:v:67:y:2017:i:2:p:3-25 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Bank competition; Semi-parametric estimation; World sample;

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