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Bank Competition and Financial Stability

Author

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  • Allen Berger
  • Leora Klapper
  • Rima Turk-Ariss

Abstract

Under the traditional “competition–fragility†view, more bank competition erodes market power, decreases profit margins, and results in reduced franchise value that encourages bank risk taking. Under the alternative “competition–stability†view, more market power in the loan market may result in higher bank risk, as the higher interest rates charged to loan customers make it harder to repay loans, and exacerbate moral hazard and adverse selection problems. The two strands of the literature need not necessarily yield opposing predictions regarding the effects of competition and market power on stability in banking. Even if market power in the loan market results in riskier loan portfolios, the overall risks of banks need not increase if banks protect their franchise values by increasing their equity capital or engaging in other risk-mitigating techniques. The authors test these theories by regressing measures of loan risk, bank risk, and bank equity capital on several measures of market power, as well as indicators of the business environment, using data for 8235 banks in 23 developed nations. The results suggest that – consistent with the traditional “competition–fragility†view – banks with a higher degree of market power also have less overall risk exposure. The data also provide some support for one element of the “competition–stability†view – that market power increases loan portfolio risk. The authors show that this risk may be offset in part by higher equity capital ratios.
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Suggested Citation

  • Allen Berger & Leora Klapper & Rima Turk-Ariss, 2009. "Bank Competition and Financial Stability," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 35(2), pages 99-118, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jfsres:v:35:y:2009:i:2:p:99-118
    DOI: 10.1007/s10693-008-0050-7
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank competition; Banking system fragility; Financial stability; Regulation; G21; F30; L89; G38;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • L89 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Other
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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