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Citations for "A Review of IPO Activity, Pricing, and Allocations"

by Jay Ritter & Ivo Welch

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  1. Thomas J. Chemmanur & Jie He, 2012. "IPO Waves, Product Market Competition, and the Going Public Decision: Theory and Evidence," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 12-07, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  2. Otchere, Isaac & Owusu-Antwi, George & Mohsni, Sana, 2013. "Why are stock exchange IPOs so underpriced and yet outperform in the long run?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 76-98.
  3. Paul Gompers & Anna Kovner & Josh Lerner & David Scharfstein, 2005. "Venture Capital Investment Cycles: The Impact of Public Markets," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 11385, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Ferris, Stephen P. & Jayaraman, Narayanan & Sabherwal, Sanjiv, 2007. "Characteristics and behavior of newly listed firms: Evidence from the Asia-Pacific region," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 420-436, December.
  5. Pástor, Luboš & Veronesi, Pietro, 2003. "Stock Prices and IPO Waves," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 4002, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Cai, Kelly Nianyun & Lee, Hei Wai & Valero, Magali, 2010. "Changing underwriting practices on underpricing of U.S. global initial public offerings," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 63(12), pages 1317-1323, December.
  7. Daouk, Hazem & Lee, Charles M.C. & Ng, David, 2006. "Capital market governance: How do security laws affect market performance?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 560-593, June.
  8. Xie, Xiaoying, 2010. "Are publicly held firms less efficient? Evidence from the US property-liability insurance industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1549-1563, July.
  9. Stavros Peristiani & Gijoon Hong, 2004. "Pre-IPO financial performance and aftermarket survival," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 10(Feb).
  10. An, Heng (Hunter) & Chan, Kam C., 2008. "Credit ratings and IPO pricing," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(5), pages 584-595, December.
  11. Tian, Lihui, 2011. "Regulatory underpricing: Determinants of Chinese extreme IPO returns," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 78-90, January.
  12. Carter, Richard B. & Strader, Troy J., 2009. "The market versus the analyst: Biases and predictive ability," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 398-416, May.
  13. Kraeussl, R. & Krause, S., 2011. "Has Europe Been Catching Up? An Industry Level Analysis of Venture Capital Success over 1985 - 2009," Working papers, Banque de France 327, Banque de France.
  14. Kathleen Weiss Hanley & Gerard Hoberg, 2011. "Litigation risk, strategic disclosure and the underpricing of initial public offerings," Finance and Economics Discussion Series, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) 2011-12, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  15. de la Torre, Augusto & Gozzi, Juan Carlos & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2007. "Capital market development : whither Latin America ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 4156, The World Bank.
  16. Su Chan & Jiajin Chen & Ko Wang, 2013. "Are REIT IPOs Unique? The Global Evidence," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 47(4), pages 719-759, November.
  17. Chemmanur, Thomas J. & He, Shan & Hu, Gang, 2009. "The role of institutional investors in seasoned equity offerings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 94(3), pages 384-411, December.
  18. Ang, Andrew & Gu, Li & Hochberg, Yael V., 2007. "Is Ipo Underperformance a Peso Problem?," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 42(03), pages 565-594, September.
  19. Lai, Richard, 2006. "Inventory Signals," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 4753, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  20. Bernstein, Shai, 2012. "Does Going Public Affect Innovation?," Research Papers, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business 2126, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
  21. Kooli, Maher & Suret, Jean-Marc, 2004. "The aftermarket performance of initial public offerings in Canada," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 47-66, February.
  22. Marcin Kacperczyk & Clemens Sialm & Lu Zheng, 2005. "Unobserved Actions of Mutual Funds," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 11766, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  23. Johann Burgstaller, 2005. "When and why do Austrian companies issue shares?," Economics working papers, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria 2005-03, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  24. Pástor, Luboš & Veronesi, Pietro, 2004. "Was There A Nasdaq Bubble in the Late 1990s?," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 4485, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  25. Tribó, Josep A., 2009. "Firms' stock market flotation: Effects on inventory policy," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 10-18, March.
  26. Friedman, Felice B. & Grose, Claire, 2006. "Promoting access to primary equity markets : a legal and regulatory approach," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 3892, The World Bank.
  27. Frederick Adjei & Ken Cyree & Mark Walker, 2008. "The determinants and survival of reverse mergers vs IPOs," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 176-194, April.
  28. Guillermo Yañez & Carlos Maquieira, 2009. "Rendimiento de Ofertas Públicas Iniciales de Acciones en Chile: Evidencia Empírica entre 1994 y 2007," Serie de Documentos de Trabajo, Superintendencia de Valores y Seguros 02, Superintendencia de Valores y Seguros.
  29. Francis, Bill B & Hasan, Iftekhar & Lothian, James R & Sun, Xian, 2008. "The signalling hypothesis revisited: Evidence from foreign IPOs," Research Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland 10/2008, Bank of Finland.
  30. Boubakri, Narjess & Bouslimi, Lobna, 2010. "Analyst following of privatized firms around the world: The role of institutions and ownership structure," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 45(4), pages 413-442, December.
  31. Bertoni, Fabio & Giudici, Giancarlo, 2014. "The strategic reallocation of IPO shares," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 211-222.
  32. Jiang, Li & Li, Gao, 2013. "Investor sentiment and IPO pricing during pre-market and aftermarket periods: Evidence from Hong Kong," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 65-82.
  33. MATSUDA Naoko & MATSUO Yutaka, 2014. "Governing Board Interlocks and Probability of an IPO," Discussion papers, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) 14040, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  34. Chan, Pak To & Moshirian, Fariborz & Ng, David & Wu, Eliza, 2007. "The underperformance of the growth enterprise market in Hong Kong," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 428-446, September.
  35. DeAngelo, Harry & DeAngelo, Linda & Skinner, Douglas J., 2004. "Are dividends disappearing? Dividend concentration and the consolidation of earnings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 72(3), pages 425-456, June.
  36. Cao, Jerry & Lerner, Josh, 2009. "The performance of reverse leveraged buyouts," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 139-157, February.
  37. Chemmanur, Thomas J. & Paeglis, Imants, 2005. "Management quality, certification, and initial public offerings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 331-368, May.
  38. Riccardo Ferretti & Antonio Meles, 2011. "Underpricing, wealth loss for pre-existing shareholders and the cost of going public: the role of private equity backing in Italian IPOs," Centro Studi di Banca e Finanza (CEFIN) (Center for Studies in Banking and Finance), Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Facoltà di Economia "Marco Biagi" 11041, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Facoltà di Economia "Marco Biagi".
  39. Ellen R. McGrattan & Edward C. Prescott, 2009. "Unmeasured investment and the puzzling U.S. boom in the 1990s," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 369, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  40. Peter C.B.Phillips & Yangru Wu & Jun Yu, 2009. "Explosive Behavior in the 1990s Nasdaq: When Did Exuberance Escalate Asset Values?," Working Papers, Sim Kee Boon Institute for Financial Economics CoFie-03-2008, Sim Kee Boon Institute for Financial Economics.
  41. Guray Kucukkocaoglu, 2007. "Underpricing in Turkey: Comparison of the IPO Methods," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2006, Money Macro and Finance Research Group 8, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
  42. Tomas Meluzin, Marek Zinecker, 2013. "Trends in IPOs: The Evidence From Financial Markets," Equilibrium, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 8, pages 46-63.
  43. Ilia D. Dichev, 2007. "What Are Stock Investors’ Actual Historical Returns? Evidence from Dollar-Weighted Returns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 97(1), pages 386-401, March.
  44. Pollock, Timothy G. & Chen, Guoli & Jackson, Eric M. & Hambrick, Donald C., 2010. "How much prestige is enough? Assessing the value of multiple types of high-status affiliates for young firms," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 6-23, January.
  45. Zhe Shen & Jerry Coakley & Norvald Instefjord, 2014. "Earnings management and IPO anomalies in China," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, Springer, vol. 42(1), pages 69-93, January.
  46. Nahata, Rajarishi, 2008. "Venture capital reputation and investment performance," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 127-151, November.
  47. Anlin Chen & Li-Wei Chen & Lanfeng Kao, 2010. "Leverage, liquidity and IPO long-run performance: evidence from Taiwan IPO markets," International Journal of Accounting and Information Management, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 18(1), pages 31-38, February.
  48. Matt Pritsker, 2005. "A Fully-Rational Liquidity-Based Theory of IPO Underpricing and Underperformance," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005, Society for Computational Economics 414, Society for Computational Economics.
  49. Diro Ejara, Demissew & Ghosh, Chinmoy, 2004. "Underpricing and aftermarket performance of American depositary receipts (ADR) IPOs," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(12), pages 3151-3186, December.
  50. Agarwal, Sumit & Liu, Chunlin & Rhee, S. Ghon, 2008. "Investor demand for IPOs and aftermarket performance: Evidence from the Hong Kong stock market," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 176-190, April.
  51. Sibylle Lehmann, 2011. "Taking Firms to the Stock Market: IPOs and the Importance of Universal Banks in Imperial Germany 1896-1913," Cologne Economic History papers, University of Cologne, Department of Economic and Business History 9, University of Cologne, Department of Economic and Business History, revised Mar 2011.
  52. Mary Robinson & Richard Robinson, 2012. "Dutch-auction IPOs: institutional development and underpricing performance," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 521-554, July.
  53. Bartling, Björn & Park, Andreas, 2009. "What determines the level of IPO gross spreads? Underwriter profits and the cost of going public," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 81-109, January.
  54. Michael D. McKenzie & William H. Janeway, 2011. "Venture capital funds and the public equity market," Accounting and Finance, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 51(3), pages 764-786, 09.
  55. Chan, Yue-Cheong, 2014. "How does retail sentiment affect IPO returns? Evidence from the internet bubble period," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 235-248.
  56. Francis, Bill B. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Sun, Xian, 2009. "Political connections and the process of going public: Evidence from China," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 696-719, June.
  57. Huang, I-Hsiang, 2014. "Does market timing persistently affect capital structure? Evidence from stock market liberalization," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 123-144.
  58. Cho, Jaemin & Lee, Jaeho, 2013. "The venture capital certification role in R&D: Evidence from IPO underpricing in Korea," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 83-108.
  59. How, Janice & Jelic, Ranko & Saadouni, Brahim & Verhoeven, Peter, 2007. "Share allocations and performance of KLSE second board IPOs," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 292-314, June.
  60. Heather Tookes & Brian Henderson, 2010. "Do Investment Banks' Relationships with Investors Impact Pricing? The Case of Convertible Bond Issues," Yale School of Management Working Papers, Yale School of Management amz2667, Yale School of Management.
  61. Lee, Peggy M. & Wahal, Sunil, 2004. "Grandstanding, certification and the underpricing of venture capital backed IPOs," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 375-407, August.
  62. Roman Kraussl & Stefan Krause, 2013. "Has Europe Been Catching Up? An Industry Level Analysis of Venture Capital Success over 1985-2009," CREA Discussion Paper Series, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg 13-6, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  63. Hirshleifer, David & Teoh, Siew Hong, 2008. "Thought and Behavior Contagion in Capital Markets," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 9164, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  64. Farina, Vincenzo, 2008. "Network embeddedness, specialization choices and performance in investment banking industry," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 11701, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  65. Ljungqvist, Alexander P, 2003. "Conflicts of Interest and Efficient Contracting in IPOs," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 4163, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  66. Chen, Hsuan-Chi & Shu, Pei-Gi & Chiang, Sue-Jane, 2011. "The choice between bookbuilding and fixed-price offering: Evidence from SEOs in Taiwan," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 28-48, February.
  67. Trauten, Andreas, 2004. "Zur Effizienz von Wertpapieremissionen über Internetplattformen," Working Papers, Competence Center Internet Economy and Hybrid Systems, European Research Center for Information Systems (ERCIS), University of Münster 8, Competence Center Internet Economy and Hybrid Systems, European Research Center for Information Systems (ERCIS), University of Münster.
  68. David Williams & W. Duncan & Peter Ginter, 2010. "Testing a model of signals in the IPO offer process," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 34(4), pages 445-463, May.
  69. Sun, Yue & Uchida, Konari & Matsumoto, Mamoru, 2013. "The dark side of independent venture capitalists: Evidence from Japan," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 279-300.
  70. Louis K. C. Chan & Jason Karceski & Josef Lakonishok, 2003. "Analysts' Conflict of Interest and Biases in Earnings Forecasts," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 9544, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  71. Danny Yeung, 2012. "The Impact of Institutional Ownership: A Study of the Australian Equity Market," PhD Thesis, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney, number 11.
  72. Jane Davison, 2008. "Rhetoric, repetition, reporting and the “dot.com” era: words, pictures, intangibles," Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 21(6), pages 791-826, August.
  73. Ravi Jagannathan & Ann E. Sherman, 2006. "Why Do IPO Auctions Fail?," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 12151, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  74. Arikan, Asli M. & Stulz, Rene M., 2011. "Corporate Acquisitions, Diversification, and the Firm's Lifecycle," Working Paper Series, Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics 2011-18, Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics.
  75. Baghestanian, Sascha & Walker, Todd B., 2014. "Thar she blows again: Reducing anchoring rekindles bubbles," SAFE Working Paper Series, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt 54, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
  76. Miglo, Anton, 2006. "Debt-equity choice as a signal of profit profile over time," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 1283, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  77. Hamid Mehran & Rene M. Stulz, 2006. "The Economics of Conflicts of Interest in Financial Institutions," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 12695, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  78. Michael R. King & Dan Segal, 2006. "The Long-Term Effects of Cross-Listing Investor Recognition, and Ownership Structure on Valuation," Working Papers, Bank of Canada 06-44, Bank of Canada.
  79. Tim Jenkinson & Howard Jones, 2004. "Bids and Allocations in European IPO Bookbuilding," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, American Finance Association, vol. 59(5), pages 2309-2338, October.
  80. Alex Stomper & Pegaret Pichler, 2004. "Primary Market Design: Direct Mechanisms and Markets," Working Papers, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 2004.9, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  81. Burch, Timothy R. & Fauver, Larry, 2003. "The pricing of U.S. IPOs by seasoned foreign firms," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 345-362.
  82. Agathee, Ushad Subadar & Sannassee, Raja Vinesh & Brooks, Chris, 2012. "The underpricing of IPOs on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 281-303.
  83. Yung, Chris & Zender, Jaime F., 2010. "Moral hazard, asymmetric information and IPO lockups," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 320-332, June.
  84. Lily Qiu & Gerard Hoberg, 2005. "Future Industrial Organization and Stock Returns versus the Decision to Issue IPOs," Working Papers, Brown University, Department of Economics 2005-06, Brown University, Department of Economics.
  85. Kenji Kutsuna & Janet Kiholm Smith & Richard L. Smith, 2009. "Public Information, IPO Price Formation, and Long-Run Returns: Japanese Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, American Finance Association, vol. 64(1), pages 505-546, 02.
  86. Jean Helwege & Nellie Liang, 2003. "Initial public offerings in hot and cold markets," Finance and Economics Discussion Series, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) 2003-04, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  87. Tykvova, Tereza & Walz, Uwe, 2007. "How important is participation of different venture capitalists in German IPOs?," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 350-378, 03.
  88. Anh Duc Ngo & Oscar Varela, 2012. "Earnings smoothing and the underpricing of seasoned equity offerings," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 38(9), pages 833-859, September.
  89. Dhillon, Amrita & Rossetto, Silvia, 2009. "Corporate Control and Multiple Large Shareholders," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS), University of Warwick, Department of Economics 891, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  90. Madarász, Aladár, 2011. "Buborékok és legendák. Válságok és válságmagyarázatok - II/1. rész. A Déltengeri Társaság
    [Bubbles and myths, crises and explanations II/1: the South Sea bubble]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 909-948.
  91. Cheung, Yan-Leung & Liu, Yang, 2007. "IPO price performance and block-trading activities: Evidence from Hong Kong," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 276-291, June.
  92. Leung, Charles Ka Yui & Tang, Edward Chi Ho, 2013. "Speculating China economic growth through Hong Kong? Evidence from the stock market IPO and real estate markets," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 46346, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  93. Oehler, Andreas & Rummer, Marco & Smith, Peter N., 2004. "IPO Pricing and the Relative Importance of Investor Sentiment: Evidence from Germany," Discussion Papers, University of Bamberg, Chair of Finance 26, University of Bamberg, Chair of Finance.
  94. Chemmanur, Thomas & Yan, An, 2009. "Product market advertising and new equity issues," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 40-65, April.
  95. Higgins, Matthew J. & Stephan, Paula E. & Thursby, Jerry G., 2011. "Conveying quality and value in emerging industries: Star scientists and the role of signals in biotechnology," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 605-617, May.
  96. Miglo, Anton, 2010. "The Pecking Order, Trade-off, Signaling, and Market-Timing Theories of Capital Structure: a Review," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 46691, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2013.
  97. Otchere, Isaac, 2006. "Stock exchange self-listing and value effects," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 926-953, December.
  98. Mantecon, Tomas, 2008. "An analysis of the implications of uncertainty and agency problems on the wealth effects to acquirers of private firms," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 892-905, May.
  99. Sherman, Ann E., 2005. "Global trends in IPO methods: Book building versus auctions with endogenous entry," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 78(3), pages 615-649, December.
  100. Beneda, Nancy & Zhang, Yilei, 2009. "Heterogeneous relationship between IPO return and risk across idiosyncratic variance characteristics," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 1298-1316, November.
  101. Zheng, Steven X., 2007. "Are IPOs really overpriced?," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 287-309, June.
  102. Arnoud W. A. Boot & Radhakrishnan Gopalan & Anjan V. Thakor, 2008. "Market Liquidity, Investor Participation, and Managerial Autonomy: Why Do Firms Go Private?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, American Finance Association, vol. 63(4), pages 2013-2059, 08.
  103. Hanke, Michael & Hauser, Florian, 2008. "On the effects of stock spam e-mails," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 57-83, February.
  104. Thomas J. Chemmanur & Shan He & Debarshi K. Nandy, 2010. "The Going-Public Decision and the Product Market," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 23(5), pages 1855-1908.
  105. Shen, Zhe & Coakley, Jerry & Instefjord, Norvald, 2013. "Investor participation and underpricing in lottery-allocated Chinese IPOs," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 294-314.
  106. Moshirian, Fariborz & Ng, David & Wu, Eliza, 2010. "Model specification and IPO performance: New insights from Asia," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 62-74, January.
  107. Jean Helwege & Frank Packer, 2008. "Private matters," BIS Working Papers, Bank for International Settlements 266, Bank for International Settlements.
  108. Woei-Chyuan Wong & Seow-Eng Ong & Joseph Ooi, 2013. "Sponsor Backing in Asian REIT IPOs," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 299-320, February.
  109. Cheng, Louis T.W. & Chan, Kam C. & Mak, Billy S.C., 2005. "Strategic share allocation and underpricings of IPOs in Hong Kong," International Business Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 41-59, February.
  110. Anton Miglo, 2006. "Debt-equity choice as a signal of earnings profile over time," Working Papers, University of Guelph, Department of Economics and Finance 0607, University of Guelph, Department of Economics and Finance.
  111. Roslily Ramlee & Ruhani Ali, 2012. "Liquidity, Initial Public Offering (IPO) Long-Term Return and Government Ownership Evidence from Bursa Malaysia IPO Stocks," Asian Academy of Management Journal of Accounting and Finance, Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, vol. 8(Supp. 1), pages 39-66.
  112. Degeorge, François & Derrien, François & Womack, Kent L., 2010. "Auctioned IPOs: The US evidence," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 98(2), pages 177-194, November.
  113. Griffin, John M. & Harris, Jeffrey H. & Topaloglu, Selim, 2007. "Why are IPO investors net buyers through lead underwriters?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 518-551, August.
  114. Cumming, Douglas, 2007. "Government policy towards entrepreneurial finance: Innovation investment funds," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 193-235, March.
  115. Langnan Chen & Steven Li & Yijia Chen, 2005. "Corporate Governance and Corporate Performance: Some Evidence from Newly Listed Firms on Chinese Stock Markets," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology 204, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
  116. John D. Burger & Richard D. Grayson & Stephen J.K. Walters, 2006. "Initial Public Offerings of Ballplayers," Working Papers, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists 0624, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  117. Rodolfo Martell & Rene M. Stulz, 2003. "Equity market liberalizations as country IPOs," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 9481, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  118. Giot, Pierre & Schwienbacher, Armin, 2007. "IPOs, trade sales and liquidations: Modelling venture capital exits using survival analysis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 679-702, March.
  119. Ekkayokkaya, Manapol & Pengniti, Tulaya, 2012. "Governance reform and IPO underpricing," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 238-253.
  120. Svetlana BILOOCAIA, 2011. "Analysis of the Issuers’ Main Risks during the IPO," Risk in Contemporary Economy, "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, pages 378-383.
  121. Aggarwal, Reena & Klapper, Leora, 2003. "Ownership structure and initial public offerings," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 3103, The World Bank.
  122. Bubna, Amit & Prabhala, Nagpurnanand R., 2011. "IPOs with and without allocation discretion: Empirical evidence," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 530-561, October.
  123. Kedar S. Kulkarni & Tarun Sabarwal, 2004. "To what extent are investment bank-differentiating factors relevant for firms floating moderate-sized IPOs?," Finance, EconWPA 0410005, EconWPA, revised 04 Mar 2005.
  124. Gao, Yan, 2010. "What comprises IPO initial returns: Evidence from the Chinese market," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 77-89, January.
  125. Elston, Julie Ann & Yang, J. Jimmy, 2010. "Venture capital, ownership structure, accounting standards and IPO underpricing: Evidence from Germany," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 62(6), pages 517-536, November.
  126. Abhyankar, Abhay & Chen, Hsuan-Chi & Ho, Keng-Yu, 2006. "The long-run performance of initial public offerings: Stochastic dominance criteria," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 620-637, September.
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