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Optimal Exchange Rate Policy in a Growing Semi-Open Economy

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  • Bacchetta, P.
  • Benhima, K.
  • Kalantzis, Y.

Abstract

In this paper, we consider an alternative perspective to China's exchange rate policy. We study a semi-open economy where the private sector has no access to international capital markets but the central bank has full access. Moreover, we assume limited financial development generating a large demand for saving instruments by the private sector. We analyze the optimal exchange rate policy by modeling the central bank as a Ramsey planner. Our main result is that in a growth acceleration episode it is optimal to have an initial real depreciation of the currency combined with an accumulation of reserves, which is consistent with the Chinese experience. This depreciation is followed by an appreciation in the long run. We also show that the optimal exchange rate path is close to the one that would result in an economy with full capital mobility and no central bank intervention.

Suggested Citation

  • Bacchetta, P. & Benhima, K. & Kalantzis, Y., 2013. "Optimal Exchange Rate Policy in a Growing Semi-Open Economy," Working papers 452, Banque de France.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:452
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    1. China is doing is right with managing its exchange rate
      by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2013-11-11 23:24:00

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    Cited by:

    1. Philippe Bacchetta & Kenza Benhima & Yannick Kalantzis, 2013. "Capital Controls with International Reserve Accumulation: Can This Be Optimal?," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(3), pages 229-262, July.
    2. Tao Cai & Vinh Q. T. Dang & Jennifer T. Lai, 2016. "China's Capital and ‘Hot’ Money Flows: An Empirical Investigation," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(3), pages 276-294, August.
    3. Rick van der Ploeg, 2014. "Guidelines for exploiting natural resource wealth," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 30(1), pages 145-169.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    China; exchange rate policy and international reserves.;

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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