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Optimal Exchange Rate Policy in a Growing Semi-Open Economy

Listed author(s):
  • Bacchetta, P.
  • Benhima, K.
  • Kalantzis, Y.

In this paper, we consider an alternative perspective to China's exchange rate policy. We study a semi-open economy where the private sector has no access to international capital markets but the central bank has full access. Moreover, we assume limited financial development generating a large demand for saving instruments by the private sector. We analyze the optimal exchange rate policy by modeling the central bank as a Ramsey planner. Our main result is that in a growth acceleration episode it is optimal to have an initial real depreciation of the currency combined with an accumulation of reserves, which is consistent with the Chinese experience. This depreciation is followed by an appreciation in the long run. We also show that the optimal exchange rate path is close to the one that would result in an economy with full capital mobility and no central bank intervention.

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File URL: https://publications.banque-france.fr/sites/default/files/medias/documents/working-paper_452_2013.pdf
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Paper provided by Banque de France in its series Working papers with number 452.

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Length: 53 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:452
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Banque de France 31 Rue Croix des Petits Champs LABOLOG - 49-1404 75049 PARIS

Web page: http://www.banque-france.fr/

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  3. Bacchetta, Philippe & Benhima, Kenza & Kalantzis, Yannick, 2012. "Capital Controls with International Reserve Accumulation: Can this Be Optimal?," CEPR Discussion Papers 8753, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  16. Korinek, Anton & Servén, Luis, 2016. "Undervaluation through foreign reserve accumulation: Static losses, dynamic gains," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 104-136.
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