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Fiscal Devaluations

  • Oleg Itskhoki

    (Princeton University)

  • Gita Gopinath


  • Emmanuel Farhi

    (Harvard University)

The crisis in the Euro area has partly been blamed on the inability of individual countries to devalue their currencies. In this paper we evaluate the extent to which fiscal instruments can be used to replicate the behavior of an exchange rate devaluation in a New Keynesian Open Economy environment. We perform the analysis under alternate assumptions of producer and local currency pricing. We show that a combination of uniform import tariffs, export subsidies, consumption and labor taxes can generate allocations identical to those that follow an exchange rate devaluation. The specifics of which taxes are needed depend on the completeness of asset markets.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2011 Meeting Papers with number 406.

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Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:red:sed011:406
Contact details of provider: Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA
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  1. Bernardino Adão & Isabel Horta Correia & Pedro Teles, 2006. "On the Relevance of Exchange Rate Regimes for Stabilization Policy," Working Papers w200616, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  2. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2000. "New directions for stochastic open economy models," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 117-153, February.
  3. Grossman, Gene M., 1980. "Border tax adjustments: Do they distort trade?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 117-128, February.
  4. Benigno, Gianluca & Küçük, Hande, 2012. "Portfolio Allocation and International Risk Sharing," CEPR Discussion Papers 8810, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Philippe Andrade, 2010. "Competition and Pass-through on international markets: Firm-level evidence from VAT shocks," 2010 Meeting Papers 820, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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  7. Staiger, Robert W. & Sykes, Alan O., 2010. "‘Currency manipulation’ and world trade," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(04), pages 583-627, October.
  8. European Commission, 2011. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2011 edition," Taxation trends 2011, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
  9. Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas & Hélène Rey, 2005. "From World Banker to World Venture Capitalist: US External Adjustment and the Exorbitant Privilege," NBER Working Papers 11563, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Isabel Correia & Juan Pablo Nicolini & Pedro Teles, 2008. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Equivalence Results," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(1), pages 141-170, 02.
  11. repec:ner:dauphi:urn:hdl:123456789/11165 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. J. Boscá & A. Díaz & R. Doménech & J. Ferri & E. Pérez & L. Puch, 2010. "A rational expectations model for simulation and policy evaluation of the Spanish economy," SERIEs, Spanish Economic Association, vol. 1(1), pages 135-169, March.
  13. Carbonnier, Clement, 2007. "Who pays sales taxes? Evidence from French VAT reforms, 1987-1999," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(5-6), pages 1219-1229, June.
  14. Lane, Philip R., 1999. "The New Open Economy Macroeconomics: a Survey," CEPR Discussion Papers 2115, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  15. Juan Pablo Nicolini & Constantino Hevia, 2004. "Optimal Devaluations," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 337, Econometric Society.
  16. Isabel Horta Correia & Emmanuel Farhi & Juan Pablo Nicolini & Pedro Teles, 2011. "Unconventional Fiscal Policy at the Zero Bound," Working Papers w201103, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  17. Stephan Danninger & Alina Carare, 2008. "Inflation Smoothing and the Modest Effect of VAT in Germany," IMF Working Papers 08/175, International Monetary Fund.
  18. Devereux, Michael B. & Engel, Charles, 2007. "Expenditure switching versus real exchange rate stabilization: Competing objectives for exchange rate policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(8), pages 2346-2374, November.
  19. Eitan Berglas, 1974. "Devaluation, Monetary Policy, and Border Tax Adjustments," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 7(1), pages 1-11, February.
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