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Fiscal Devaluations

  • Oleg Itskhoki

    (Princeton University)

  • Gita Gopinath

    (Harvard)

  • Emmanuel Farhi

    (Harvard University)

The crisis in the Euro area has partly been blamed on the inability of individual countries to devalue their currencies. In this paper we evaluate the extent to which fiscal instruments can be used to replicate the behavior of an exchange rate devaluation in a New Keynesian Open Economy environment. We perform the analysis under alternate assumptions of producer and local currency pricing. We show that a combination of uniform import tariffs, export subsidies, consumption and labor taxes can generate allocations identical to those that follow an exchange rate devaluation. The specifics of which taxes are needed depend on the completeness of asset markets.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2011 Meeting Papers with number 406.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed011:406
Contact details of provider: Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
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Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/society.htm
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  1. Lane, Philip R., 2001. "The new open economy macroeconomics: a survey," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 235-266, August.
  2. Correia, Isabel & Nicolini, Juan Pablo & Teles, Pedro, 2003. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Equivalence Results," CEPR Discussion Papers 3730, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Adao, Bernardino & Correia, Isabel & Teles, Pedro, 2009. "On the relevance of exchange rate regimes for stabilization policy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 144(4), pages 1468-1488, July.
  4. Isabel Correia & Emmanuel Farhi & Juan Pablo Nicolini & Pedro Teles, 2012. "Unconventional fiscal policy at the zero bound," Working Papers 698, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  5. Constantino Hevia, 2011. "Optimal Devaluations," 2011 Meeting Papers 1070, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  6. Michael B. Devereux & Alan Sutherland, 2008. "Country Portfolios in Open Economy Macro Models," NBER Working Papers 14372, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas & Hélène Rey, 2005. "From World Banker to World Venture Capitalist: US External Adjustment and the Exorbitant Privilege," NBER Working Papers 11563, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Staiger, Robert W. & Sykes, Alan O., 2010. "‘Currency manipulation’ and world trade," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(04), pages 583-627, October.
  9. Grossman, Gene M., 1980. "Border tax adjustments: Do they distort trade?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 117-128, February.
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  11. repec:ner:dauphi:urn:hdl:123456789/11165 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. Maurice Obstfeld and Kenneth Rogoff., 1999. "New Directions for Stochastic Open Economy Models," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers C99-107, University of California at Berkeley.
  13. Carbonnier, Clement, 2007. "Who pays sales taxes? Evidence from French VAT reforms, 1987-1999," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(5-6), pages 1219-1229, June.
  14. J.E. Boscá & A. Díaz & R. Doménech & J. Ferri & E. Pérez & L. Puch, 2007. "A Rational Expectations Model for Simulation and Policy Evaluation of the Spanish Economy," Working Papers 0706, International Economics Institute, University of Valencia.
  15. Stephan Danninger & Alina Carare, 2008. "Inflation Smoothing and the Modest Effect of VAT in Germany," IMF Working Papers 08/175, International Monetary Fund.
  16. Eitan Berglas, 1974. "Devaluation, Monetary Policy, and Border Tax Adjustments," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 7(1), pages 1-11, February.
  17. European Commission, 2011. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2011 edition," Taxation trends 2011, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
  18. Philippe Andrade, 2010. "Competition and Pass-through on international markets: Firm-level evidence from VAT shocks," 2010 Meeting Papers 820, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  19. Devereux, Michael B. & Engel, Charles, 2007. "Expenditure switching versus real exchange rate stabilization: Competing objectives for exchange rate policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(8), pages 2346-2374, November.
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