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And Yet they Co-Move! Public Capital and Productivity in OECD: A Panel Cointegration Analysis with Cross-Section Dependence

Author

Listed:
  • Anna Bottaso

    (Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods, University of Genova)

  • Carolina Castagnetti

    (Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods, University of Pavia)

  • Maurizio Conti

    (Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods, University of Genova)

Abstract

In this paper we add to the debate on the public capital - productivity link by exploiting very recent developments in the panel time series literature that take into account cross sectional correlation in non-stationary panels. In particular we evaluate the productive effect of public capital by estimating various production functions for a panel of 21 OECD countries over the period 1975-2002. We find strong evidence of common factors that drive the cointegration relationship among variables; moreover, our results suggest a public capital elasticity of GDP in the range 0.05-0.15, depending on model specification. Results are robust to the evidence of spillovers from public capital investments in other countries and to controlling for other productivity determinants like human capital, the stock of patents and R&D capital.

Suggested Citation

  • Anna Bottaso & Carolina Castagnetti & Maurizio Conti, 2011. "And Yet they Co-Move! Public Capital and Productivity in OECD: A Panel Cointegration Analysis with Cross-Section Dependence," Quaderni di Dipartimento 154, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods.
  • Handle: RePEc:pav:wpaper:154
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Public capital; Productivity; Panel Cointegration; Cross-section Dependence.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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