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The Gender Wage Gap: Does a Gender Gap in Reservation Wages Play a Part?

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  • Caliendo, Marco

    () (University of Potsdam)

  • Lee, Wang-Sheng

    () (Deakin University)

  • Mahlstedt, Robert

    () (University of Copenhagen)

Abstract

This paper focuses on re-examining the gender wage gap and the potential role that reservation wages play. Based on two waves of rich data from the IZA Evaluation Dataset Survey we examine the importance of gender differences in reservation wages to explain the gender gap in realized wages for a sample of newly unemployed individuals actively searching for a full-time job in Germany. The dataset includes measures for education, socio-demographics, labor market history, psychological factors and job search characteristics allowing us to perform a decomposition analysis including these potentially influential factors. Our results suggest that the gender wage gap disappears once we control for reservation wages. We also find a close correspondence between the two gaps for certain subgroups. For example, those with low labor market experience show no gender gap in reservation wages and also no corresponding gap in observed wages. In an attempt to better understand how the initial gender gap in reservation wages arises, we also decompose the gender gap in reservation wages and draw some preliminary conclusions on the nature of the unobservable traits that reservation wages might be capturing.

Suggested Citation

  • Caliendo, Marco & Lee, Wang-Sheng & Mahlstedt, Robert, 2014. "The Gender Wage Gap: Does a Gender Gap in Reservation Wages Play a Part?," IZA Discussion Papers 8305, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8305
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    Cited by:

    1. Pfeifer, Christian & Stephan, Gesine, 2018. "Why Women Don't Ask: Gender Differences in Fairness Perceptions of Own Wages and Subsequent Wage Growth," IZA Discussion Papers 11320, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Vaishali Zambre, 2018. "The Gender Gap in Wage Expectations: Do Young Women Trade off Higher Wages for Lower Wage Risk?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1742, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    3. repec:zbw:ifwebk:170571 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Christian Pfeifer & Gesine Stephan, 2018. "Why Women Don’t Ask: Gender Differences in Fairness Perceptions of Own Wages and Subsequent Wage Growth," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 963, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    5. repec:kap:empiri:v:45:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1007_s10663-017-9390-6 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    wages; gender gap; reservation wages; discrimination;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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