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Explaining age and gender differences in employment rates : a labor supply side perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Humpert, Stephan
  • Pfeifer, Christian

Abstract

"This paper takes a labor supply perspective (neoclassical labor supply, job search) to explain the lower employment rates of older workers and women. The basic rationale is that workers choose non-employment if their reservation wages are larger than the offered wages. Whereas the latter depend on workers' productivity and firms' decisions, reservation wages are largely determined by workers' endowments and preferences for leisure. To shed some empirical light on this issue, we use German survey data to analyze age and gender differences in reservation and entry wages, preferred and actual working hours, and satisfaction with leisure and work." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Suggested Citation

  • Humpert, Stephan & Pfeifer, Christian, 2013. "Explaining age and gender differences in employment rates : a labor supply side perspective," Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 46(1), pages 1-17.
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabjlr:v:2013:i:1:p:1-17
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:jeborg:v:136:y:2017:i:c:p:161-173 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Caliendo, Marco & Lee, Wang-Sheng & Mahlstedt, Robert, 2017. "The gender wage gap and the role of reservation wages: New evidence for unemployed workers," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 136(C), pages 161-173.
    3. Christian Pfeifer & Joachim Wagner, 2014. "Age and gender effects of workforce composition on productivity and profits: Evidence from a new type of data for German enterprises," Contemporary Economics, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, vol. 8(1), March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Erwerbsbeteiligung; Erwerbsquote; altersspezifische Faktoren; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Arbeitskräfteangebot; Erwerbsverhalten; Frauen; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Einkommenserwartung; Lohnhöhe; Arbeitszeitwunsch; Arbeitszufriedenheit; Beruf und Familie; Work-Life-Balance;

    JEL classification:

    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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