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Explaining age and gender differences in employment rates : a labor supply side perspective

  • Humpert, Stephan
  • Pfeifer, Christian

"This paper takes a labor supply perspective (neoclassical labor supply, job search) to explain the lower employment rates of older workers and women. The basic rationale is that workers choose non-employment if their reservation wages are larger than the offered wages. Whereas the latter depend on workers' productivity and firms' decisions, reservation wages are largely determined by workers' endowments and preferences for leisure. To shed some empirical light on this issue, we use German survey data to analyze age and gender differences in reservation and entry wages, preferred and actual working hours, and satisfaction with leisure and work." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12651-012-0108-8
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Article provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its journal Journal for Labour Market Research.

Volume (Year): 46 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 1-17

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Handle: RePEc:iab:iabjlr:v:2013:i:1:p:1-17
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  26. Wolfgang Franz, 1980. "The Reservation Wage of Unemployed Persons in the Federal Republic of Germany: Theory and Empirical Tests," NBER Working Papers 0578, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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