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Gender wage differentials in Italy: a structural estimation approach

  • Giovanni Sulis


This paper studies gender wage differentials by providing a maximum likelihood structural estimation of the frictional parameters of an equilibrium search model with on-the-job search and firm heterogeneity. In a second step, I also consider the role of discrimination. Results indicate higher level of search frictions for women; this result is confirmed by various robustness checks and by different specification and estimation strategies. I also find that the resulting mapping from productivity to wages for men is highly non-linear, while for women it is almost linear. Search, productivity and discrimination play different roles in shaping the gender differential depending on the specification and estimation of the model. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2012

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Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.

Volume (Year): 25 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 53-87

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:25:y:2012:i:1:p:53-87
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  9. Jolivet, Gregory & Postel-Vinay, Fabien & Robin, Jean-Marc, 2006. "The empirical content of the job search model: Labor mobility and wage distributions in Europe and the US," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 877-907, May.
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  18. Bontemps, C. & Robin, J.M. & van den Berg, G.J., 1998. "Equilibrium Search with Continuous Productivity Dispersion: Theory and Non-Parametric Estimation," Papers 98-07, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
  19. Audra J. Bowlus & Louise Grogan, 2009. "Gender wage differentials, job search, and part-time employment in the UK," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 61(2), pages 275-303, April.
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