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Persecution, Pogroms and Genocide: A Conceptual Framework and New Evidence

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  • Becker, Sascha O.

    (Monash University)

  • Mukand, Sharun

    (University of Warwick)

  • Yotzov, Ivan

    (University of Warwick)

Abstract

Persecution, pogroms, and genocide have plagued humanity for centuries, costing millions of lives and haunting survivors. Economists and economic historians have recently made new contributions to the understanding of these phenomena. We provide a novel conceptual framework which highlights the inter-relationship between the intensity of persecution and migration patterns across dozens of historical episodes. Using this framework as a lens, we survey the growing literature on the causes and consequences of persecution, pogroms, and genocide. Finally, we discuss gaps in the literature and take several tentative steps towards explaining the differences in survival rates of European Jews in the 20th century.

Suggested Citation

  • Becker, Sascha O. & Mukand, Sharun & Yotzov, Ivan, 2022. "Persecution, Pogroms and Genocide: A Conceptual Framework and New Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 15485, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp15485
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    persecution; migration; immigration restrictions; genocide; exit or voice;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
    • N4 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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