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On war intensity and schooling attainment: The case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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  • Swee, Eik Leong

Abstract

This paper identifies war intensity effects of the 1992–1995 Bosnian War on schooling attainment, and explores possible channels of influence. Empirical identification relies on spatial variation in war intensity and variation in birth cohorts. I find that cohorts that endured greater war intensity are less likely to complete secondary schooling but not primary schooling. These effects are much stronger for males than for females, and draftee male cohorts experience deterioration in their physical and mental health relative to female and non-draftee cohorts, suggesting that the military draft may play an important role. Other possible mechanisms do not seem to matter.

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  • Swee, Eik Leong, 2015. "On war intensity and schooling attainment: The case of Bosnia and Herzegovina," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 40(PA), pages 158-172.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:poleco:v:40:y:2015:i:pa:p:158-172
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2015.08.001
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    3. Hönig, Tillman, 2017. "The Impact of Peace: Evidence from Nigeria," MPRA Paper 83302, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Guo, Shiqi, 2020. "The legacy effect of unexploded bombs on educational attainment in Laos," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 147(C).
    5. Iva Trako, 2018. "Returning Home After Conflict Displacement: Labor Supply and Schooling Outcomes Among Kosovar Households," PSE Working Papers halshs-01828477, HAL.
    6. Gabriel Fuentes Cordoba, 2021. "Growing up in a civil war and political participation: Evidence from Guatemala," Economics of Transition and Institutional Change, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 29(2), pages 197-225, April.
    7. Marion Mercier & Rama Lionel Ngenzebuke & Philip Verwimp, 2016. "Violence Exposure and Welfare over Time: Evidence from the Burundi Civil War," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2015-32, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    8. Bratti, Massimiliano & Mendola, Mariapia & Miranda, Alfonso, 2015. "Hard to Forget: The Long-Lasting Impact of War on Mental Health," IZA Discussion Papers 9269, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    9. Marion Mercier & Rama Lionel Ngenzebuke & Hugues Philip Verwimp, 2017. "Violence exposure and deprivation: Evidence from the Burundi civil war," Working Papers DT/2017/14, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    10. Bertoni, Eleonora & Di Maio, Michele & Molini, Vasco & Nisticò, Roberto, 2019. "Education is forbidden: The effect of the Boko Haram conflict on education in North-East Nigeria," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 141(C).
    11. Mercier, Marion & Ngenzebuke, Rama Lionel & Verwimp, Philip, 2020. "Violence exposure and poverty: Evidence from the Burundi civil war," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(4), pages 822-840.
    12. Silwal, Shikha, 2016. "Resilience amidst conflict? The effect of civil war exposure on secondary education," International Journal of Development and Conflict, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, vol. 6(2), pages 97-120.
    13. Poutvaara, Panu & Ropponen, Olli, 2018. "Shocking news and cognitive performance," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 93-106.
    14. Gregory L. Haugan, 2016. "The effect of urban violence on student achievement in Medellin, Colombia," Documentos CEDE 014326, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    15. Adelaja, Adesoji & George, Justin, 2019. "Terrorism and land use in agriculture: The case of Boko Haram in Nigeria," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 88(C).
    16. Almoayad,Safa Ali Qassim & Favari,Eliana & Halabi,Samira & Krishnaswamy,Siddharth & Music,Almedina & Tandon,Sharad Alan, 2020. "Active Conflict and Access to Education : Evidence from a Series of Conflict-Related Shocks in the Republic of Yemen," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9330, The World Bank.
    17. Tillman Hönig, 2019. "The Impact of Peace: Evidence from Nigeria," HiCN Working Papers 293, Households in Conflict Network.
    18. Idrissa Ouedraogo & Henri Ngoa Tabi & Henri Atangana Ondoa, 2020. "Effets de la qualité des institutions sur l'éducation en Afrique," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 32(S1), pages 32-44, November.
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    21. Miaari, S. & Lee, I, 2020. "Obstacles on the Road to School: The Impacts of Mobility Restrictions on Educational Performance," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 2074, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.

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