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Conflict Exposure and Economic Welfare in Nigeria

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  • John Chiwuzulum Odozi

    (Research Fellow at the French Institute for Research in Africa, Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria)

  • Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

    (Department of Economics Agnes Scott College, Atlanta, USA; IZA, Bonn Germany and Global Labor Organization)

Abstract

Several papers have attempted to estimate and document the impact of conflict on several education, health and socioeconomic outcomes. One lesson from the past research is the heterogeneity in the effect of violent conflict across and within countries. In this paper we attempt to estimate the casual impact of conflict in Nigeria on welfare related outcomes. The 2009 insurgence of Boko Haram and the Fulani herdsmen versus farmers conflicts have led to a significant increase in violent conflict in the North Eastern and Central parts of Nigeria. However, bouts of violent conflict have existed in different communities across the country since independence. We estimate the average effect of violent conflict exposure on welfare, across Nigeria using the three waves of the Nigerian General Household Survey (GHS) panel combined with The Armed Conflict Location & Event Data (ACLED). Employing a fixed effect approach, our results suggest that recent and long term exposure to conflict increased the incidence, intensity and severity of poverty in Nigeria. In addition we find that exposure to violent conflict also decreased household income.

Suggested Citation

  • John Chiwuzulum Odozi & Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere, 2019. "Conflict Exposure and Economic Welfare in Nigeria," HiCN Working Papers 313, Households in Conflict Network.
  • Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:313
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    1. Avuwadah, Benjamin Y. & Kropp, Jaclyn D. & Mullally, Conner C. & Morgan, Stephen N., 2020. "Heterogenous effects of conflict on agricultural production patterns: Evidence from Nigeria," 2020 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, Kansas City, Missouri 304417, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Violence; Nigeria; Conflict; Boko Haram; Economic Welfare; Poverty JEL Classification: I10; I30; O1; D74;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions

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