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Health and Civil War in Rural Burundi

Author

Listed:
  • Bundervoet, Tom

    (Free University of Brussels)

  • Verwimp, Philip

    (ISS, Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Akresh, Richard

    (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

Abstract

We combine household survey data with event data on the timing and location of armed conflicts to examine the impact of Burundi’s civil war on children’s health status. The identification strategy exploits exogenous variation in the war’s timing across provinces and the exposure of children’s birth cohorts to the fighting. After controlling for province of residence, birth cohort, individual and household characteristics, and province-specific time trends, we find that children exposed to the war have on average 0.515 standard deviations lower height-for-age z-scores than non-exposed children. This negative effect is robust to specifications exploiting alternative sources of exogenous variation.

Suggested Citation

  • Bundervoet, Tom & Verwimp, Philip & Akresh, Richard, 2007. "Health and Civil War in Rural Burundi," IZA Discussion Papers 2951, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2951
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    child health; Africa; economic shocks; stunting;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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