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Health and Civil War in Rural Burundi

  • Bundervoet, Tom


    (Free University of Brussels)

  • Verwimp, Philip


    (ISS, Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Akresh, Richard


    (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

We combine household survey data with event data on the timing and location of armed conflicts to examine the impact of Burundi’s civil war on children’s health status. The identification strategy exploits exogenous variation in the war’s timing across provinces and the exposure of children’s birth cohorts to the fighting. After controlling for province of residence, birth cohort, individual and household characteristics, and province-specific time trends, we find that children exposed to the war have on average 0.515 standard deviations lower height-for-age z-scores than non-exposed children. This negative effect is robust to specifications exploiting alternative sources of exogenous variation.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2951.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Human Resources, 2009, 44(2), 536-563
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2951
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