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Armed Conflict and Schooling: Evidence from the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

  • Richard Akresh

    ()

    (University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign)

  • Damien de Walque

    ()

    (World Bank)

To examine the impact of Rwanda’s 1994 genocide on children’s schooling, the authors combine two cross-sectional household surveys collected before and after the genocide. The identification strategy uses pre-war data to control for an age group’s baseline schooling and exploits variation across provinces in the intensity of killings and which children’s cohorts were school-aged when exposed to the war. The findings show a strong negative impact of the genocide on schooling, with exposed children completing one-half year less education representing an 18.3 percent decline. The effect is robust to including control variables, alternative sources for genocide intensity, and an instrumental variables strategy.

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Paper provided by Households in Conflict Network in its series HiCN Working Papers with number 47.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:47
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.hicn.org

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