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Development, Democracy and Mass Killings

  • Easterly, William
  • Gatti, Roberta
  • Kurlat, Sergio

Using a newly assembled dataset spanning from 1820 to 1998, we study the relationship between the occurrence and magnitude of episodes of mass killing and the levels of development and democracy across countries and over time. Mass killings appear to be more likely at intermediate levels of income and less likely at very high levels of democracy. However, the estimated relationship between democracy and probability of mass killings is not linear in the full sample. In the 20th century, discrete improvements in democracy are systematically associated with episodes involving fewer victims.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 5715.

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Date of creation: Jun 2006
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:5715
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  1. Marta Reynal-Querol, 2002. "Political systems, stability and civil wars," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(6), pages 465-483.
  2. Scheper-Hughes, Nancy, 1996. "Small wars and invisible genocides," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 889-900, September.
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