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Quadratic Variation by Markov Chains

Author

Listed:
  • Peter Reinhard Hansen

    () (Stanford University and CREATES)

  • Guillaume Horel

    (Merrill Lynch, New York)

Abstract

We introduce a novel estimator of the quadratic variation that is based on the theory of Markov chains. The estimator is motivated by some general results concerning filtering contaminated semimartingales. Specifically, we show that filtering can in principle remove the effects of market microstructure noise in a general framework where little is assumed about the noise. For the practical implementation, we adopt the discrete Markov chain model that is well suited for the analysis of financial high-frequency prices. The Markov chain framework facilitates simple expressions and elegant analytical results. The proposed estimator is consistent with a Gaussian limit distribution and we study its properties in simulations and an empirical application.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Reinhard Hansen & Guillaume Horel, 2009. "Quadratic Variation by Markov Chains," CREATES Research Papers 2009-13, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
  • Handle: RePEc:aah:create:2009-13
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    File URL: ftp://ftp.econ.au.dk/creates/rp/09/rp09_13.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Zhou, Bin, 1996. "High-Frequency Data and Volatility in Foreign-Exchange Rates," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 14(1), pages 45-52, January.
    2. F. M. Bandi & J. R. Russell, 2008. "Microstructure Noise, Realized Variance, and Optimal Sampling," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(2), pages 339-369.
    3. Gonçalves, Sílvia & Meddahi, Nour, 2011. "Box-Cox transforms for realized volatility," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 129-144, January.
    4. Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole E. & Hansen, Peter Reinhard & Lunde, Asger & Shephard, Neil, 2011. "Subsampling realised kernels," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 204-219, January.
    5. John M. Maheu & Thomas H. McCurdy, 2002. "Nonlinear Features of Realized FX Volatility," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(4), pages 668-681, November.
    6. Christensen, Kim & Oomen, Roel & Podolskij, Mark, 2010. "Realised quantile-based estimation of the integrated variance," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 159(1), pages 74-98, November.
    7. Torben G. Andersen & Dobrislav Dobrev & Ernst Schaumburg, 2009. "Duration-Based Volatility Estimation," Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series gd08-034, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    8. Nour Meddahi, 2002. "A theoretical comparison between integrated and realized volatility," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(5), pages 479-508.
    9. Jeremy Large, 2005. "Estimating quadratic variation when quoted prices jump by a constant increment," OFRC Working Papers Series 2005fe05, Oxford Financial Research Centre.
    10. Sílvia Gonçalves & Nour Meddahi, 2009. "Bootstrapping Realized Volatility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(1), pages 283-306, January.
    11. Jim Griffin & Roel Oomen, 2008. "Sampling Returns for Realized Variance Calculations: Tick Time or Transaction Time?," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(1-3), pages 230-253.
    12. Jean Jacod & Yingying Li & Per A. Mykland & Mark Podolskij & Mathias Vetter, 2007. "Microstructure Noise in the Continuous Case: The Pre-Averaging Approach - JLMPV-9," CREATES Research Papers 2007-43, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    13. repec:oxf:wpaper:264 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Hansen, Peter R. & Lunde, Asger, 2006. "Realized Variance and Market Microstructure Noise," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 24, pages 127-161, April.
    15. Andersen, Torben G. & Bollerslev, Tim & Diebold, Francis X. & Ebens, Heiko, 2001. "The distribution of realized stock return volatility," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 43-76, July.
    16. Zhang, Lan & Mykland, Per A. & Ait-Sahalia, Yacine, 2005. "A Tale of Two Time Scales: Determining Integrated Volatility With Noisy High-Frequency Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 1394-1411, December.
    17. Peter Hansen & Jeremy Large & Asger Lunde, 2008. "Moving Average-Based Estimators of Integrated Variance," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(1-3), pages 79-111.
    18. Christensen, Kim & Podolski, Mark, 2005. "Asymptotic theory for range-based estimation of integrated variance of a continuous semi-martingale," Technical Reports 2005,18, Technische Universität Dortmund, Sonderforschungsbereich 475: Komplexitätsreduktion in multivariaten Datenstrukturen.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:hal:journl:peer-00815564 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole E. & Hansen, Peter Reinhard & Lunde, Asger & Shephard, Neil, 2011. "Multivariate realised kernels: Consistent positive semi-definite estimators of the covariation of equity prices with noise and non-synchronous trading," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 162(2), pages 149-169, June.
    3. Peter Reinhard Hansen & Guillaume Horel & Asger Lunde & Ilya Archakov, 2015. "A Markov Chain Estimator of Multivariate Volatility from High Frequency Data," CREATES Research Papers 2015-19, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    4. Tian, Shuairu & Hamori, Shigeyuki, 2015. "Modeling interest rate volatility: A Realized GARCH approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 158-171.
    5. Neil Shephard & Dacheng Xiu, 2012. "Econometric analysis of multivariate realised QML: efficient positive semi-definite estimators of the covariation of equity prices," Economics Series Working Papers 604, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    6. Georgiana-Denisa Banulescu & Bertrand Candelon & Christophe Hurlin & Sébastien Laurent, 2014. "Do We Need Ultra-High Frequency Data to Forecast Variances?," Working Papers halshs-01078158, HAL.
    7. Hansen, Peter Reinhard, 2015. "A martingale decomposition of discrete Markov chains," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 14-18.
    8. Li, Yingying & Xie, Shangyu & Zheng, Xinghua, 2016. "Efficient estimation of integrated volatility incorporating trading information," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 195(1), pages 33-50.
    9. Chaboud, Alain P. & Chiquoine, Benjamin & Hjalmarsson, Erik & Loretan, Mico, 2010. "Frequency of observation and the estimation of integrated volatility in deep and liquid financial markets," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 212-240, March.
    10. Hansen, Peter R. & Lunde, Asger, 2014. "Estimating The Persistence And The Autocorrelation Function Of A Time Series That Is Measured With Error," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 30(01), pages 60-93, February.
    11. repec:eee:econom:v:201:y:2017:i:1:p:19-42 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Markov chain; Filtering Contaminated Semimartingale; Quadratic Variation; Integrated Variance; Realized Variance; High Frequency Data;

    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C80 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - General

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