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Realized GARCH: A Complete Model of Returns and Realized Measures of Volatility

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  • Peter Reinhard Hansen

    () (Stanford University)

  • Zhuo (Albert) Huang

    (Stanford University)

  • Howard Howan Shek

    (Stanford University)

Abstract

GARCH models have been successful in modeling financial returns. Still, much is to be gained by incorporating a realized measure of volatility in these models. In this paper we introduce a new framework for the joint modeling of returns and realized measures of volatility. The Realized GARCH framework nests most GARCH models as special cases and is, in many ways, a natural extension of standard GARCH models. We pay special attention to linear and log-linear Realized GARCH specifications. This class of models has several attractive features. It retains the simplicity and tractability of the classical GARCH framework; it implies an ARMA structure for the conditional variance and realized measures of volatility; and models in this class are parsimonious and simple to estimate. A key feature of the Realized GARCH framework is a measurement equation that relates the observed realized measure to latent volatility. This equation facilitates a simple modeling of the dependence between returns and future volatility that is commonly referred to as the leverage effect. An empirical application with DJIA stocks and an exchange traded index fund shows that a simple Realized GARCH structure leads to substantial improvements in the empirical fit over to the standard GARCH model. This is true in-sample as well as out-of-sample. Moreover, the point estimates are remarkably similar across the different time series.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Reinhard Hansen & Zhuo (Albert) Huang & Howard Howan Shek, "undated". "Realized GARCH: A Complete Model of Returns and Realized Measures of Volatility," CREATES Research Papers 2010-13, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
  • Handle: RePEc:aah:create:2010-13
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    File URL: ftp://ftp.econ.au.dk/creates/rp/10/rp10_13.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Asai, Manabu & McAleer, Michael, 2015. "Forecasting co-volatilities via factor models with asymmetry and long memory in realized covariance," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 189(2), pages 251-262.
    2. Sébastien Laurent & Jeroen V. K. Rombouts & Francesco Violante, 2012. "On the forecasting accuracy of multivariate GARCH models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(6), pages 934-955, September.
    3. Andersen, Torben G. & Bollerslev, Tim & Christoffersen, Peter F. & Diebold, Francis X., 2013. "Financial Risk Measurement for Financial Risk Management," Handbook of the Economics of Finance, Elsevier.
    4. Roxana Halbleib & Valerie Voev, 2011. "Forecasting Covariance Matrices: A Mixed Frequency Approach," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2011-002, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    5. Manabu Asai & Chia-Lin Chang & Michael McAleer, 2016. "Realized Matrix-Exponential Stochastic Volatility with Asymmetry, Long Memory and Spillovers," Documentos de Trabajo del ICAE 2016-15, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico.
    6. Roxana Halbleib & Valeri Voev, 2016. "Forecasting Covariance Matrices: A Mixed Approach," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 14(2), pages 383-417.
    7. Brendan K. Beare & Lawrence D. W. Schmidt, 2016. "An Empirical Test of Pricing Kernel Monotonicity," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(2), pages 338-356, March.
    8. Manabu Asai & Michael McAleer, 2017. "Forecasting the volatility of Nikkei 225 futures," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 37(11), pages 1141-1152, November.
    9. Dimitrios P. Louzis & Spyros Xanthopoulos‐Sisinis & Apostolos P. Refenes, 2013. "The Role of High‐Frequency Intra‐daily Data, Daily Range and Implied Volatility in Multi‐period Value‐at‐Risk Forecasting," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(6), pages 561-576, September.
    10. repec:gam:jjrfmx:v:10:y:2017:i:4:p:23-:d:122610 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Matteo Barigozzi & Brownlees Christian & Gallo Giampiero & David Veredas, "undated". "Disentangling systematic and idiosyncratic risks for large panels of assets," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/136237, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    12. Heejoon Han & Dennis Kristensen, 2014. "Asymptotic Theory for the QMLE in GARCH-X Models With Stationary and Nonstationary Covariates," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 416-429, July.
    13. Çelik, Sibel & Ergin, Hüseyin, 2014. "Volatility forecasting using high frequency data: Evidence from stock markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 176-190.
    14. Asai, Manabu & Chang, Chia-Lin & McAleer, Michael, 2017. "Realized stochastic volatility with general asymmetry and long memory," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 199(2), pages 202-212.
    15. Yu, Jun, 2012. "A semiparametric stochastic volatility model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 167(2), pages 473-482.
    16. Manabu Asai, 2013. "Heterogeneous Asymmetric Dynamic Conditional Correlation Model with Stock Return and Range," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(5), pages 469-480, August.
    17. Giampiero M. Gallo & Edoardo Otranto, 2012. "Realized Volatility and Change of Regimes," Econometrics Working Papers Archive 2012_02, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti", revised Jul 2012.
    18. Fengler, Matthias & Okhrin, Ostap, 2012. "Realized Copula," Economics Working Paper Series 1214, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
    19. Shelton Peiris & Manabu Asai & Michael McAleer, 2017. "Estimating and Forecasting Generalized Fractional Long Memory Stochastic Volatility Models," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-16, December.
    20. Christian T. Brownlees & Fabrizio Cipollini & Giampiero M. Gallo, 2011. "Multiplicative Error Models," Econometrics Working Papers Archive 2011_03, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti", revised Apr 2011.
    21. Pierre Chausse & Dinghai Xu, 2012. "GMM Estimation of a Stochastic Volatility Model with Realized Volatility: A Monte Carlo Study," Working Papers 1203, University of Waterloo, Department of Economics, revised May 2012.
    22. Heejoon Han & Myung D. Park, 2013. "Comparison of Realized Measure and Implied Volatility in Forecasting Volatility," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(6), pages 522-533, September.
    23. Masato Ubukata & Toshiaki Watanabe, 2011. "Pricing Nikkei 225 Options Using Realized Volatility," IMES Discussion Paper Series 11-E-18, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    GARCH; High Frequency Data; Realized Variance; Leverage Effect;

    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C80 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - General

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