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Designing realised kernels to measure the ex-post variation of equity prices in the presence of noise

  • Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen


    (University of Aarhus)

  • Peter Reinhard Hansen


    (Stanford University)

  • Asger Lunde


    (Aarhus School of Business)

  • Neil Shephard


    (Nuffield College, University of Oxford)

This paper shows how to use realised kernels to carry out efficient feasible inference on the ex-post variation of underlying equity prices in the presence of simple models of market frictions. The issue is subtle with only estimators which have symmetric weights delivering consistent estimators with mixed Gaussian limit theorems. The weights can be chosen to achieve the best possible rate of convergence and to have an asymptotic variance which is close to that of the maximum likelihood estimator in the parametric version of this problem. Realised kernels can also be selected to (i) be analysed using endogenously spaced data such as that in databases on transactions, (ii) allow for market frictions which are endogenous, (iii) allow for temporally dependent noise. The finite sample performance of our estimators is studied using simulation, while empirical work illustrates their use in practice.

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Paper provided by Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford in its series Economics Papers with number 2006-W03.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 31 May 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nuf:econwp:0603
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  6. Neil Shephard & Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen, 2002. "Econometric analysis of realised covariation: high frequency covariance, regression and correlation in financial economics," Economics Series Working Papers 2002-FE-03, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  7. Zhang, Lan & Mykland, Per A. & Ait-Sahalia, Yacine, 2005. "A Tale of Two Time Scales: Determining Integrated Volatility With Noisy High-Frequency Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 1394-1411, December.
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  9. Aït-Sahalia, Yacine & Mykland, Per A. & Zhang, Lan, 2011. "Ultra high frequency volatility estimation with dependent microstructure noise," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 160-175, January.
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  17. repec:cep:stiecm:/2006/509 is not listed on IDEAS
  18. Meddahi, N., 2001. "A Theoretical Comparison Between Integrated and Realized Volatilies," Cahiers de recherche 2001-26, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
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  22. Valeri Voev & Asger Lunde, 2007. "Integrated Covariance Estimation using High-frequency Data in the Presence of Noise," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 5(1), pages 68-104.
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  26. Yacine Aït-Sahalia, 2005. "How Often to Sample a Continuous-Time Process in the Presence of Market Microstructure Noise," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 18(2), pages 351-416.
  27. Shephard, Neil (ed.), 2005. "Stochastic Volatility: Selected Readings," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199257201.
  28. Meddahi, Nour & Mykland, Per & Shephard, Neil, 2011. "Realized Volatility," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 1-1, January.
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