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Do We Need High Frequency Data to Forecast Variances?

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  • Denisa Banulescu-Radu
  • Christophe Hurlin
  • Bertrand Candelon
  • Sébastien Laurent

Abstract

In this paper we study various MIDAS models for which the future daily variance is directly related to past observations of intraday predictors. Our goal is to determine if there exists an optimal sampling frequency in terms of variance prediction. Via Monte Carlo simulations we show that in a world without microstructure noise, the best model is the one using the highest available frequency for the predictors. However, in the presence of microstructure noise, the use of very high-frequency predictors may be problematic, leading to poor variance forecasts. The empirical application focuses on two highly liquid assets (i.e., Microsoft and S&P 500). We show that, when using raw intraday squared log-returns for the explanatory variable, there is a ?high-frequency wall? ? or frequency limit ? above which MIDAS-RV forecasts deteriorate or stop improving. An improvement can be obtained when using intraday squared log-returns sampled at a higher frequency, provided they are pre-filtered to account for the presence of jumps, intraday diurnal pattern and/or microstructure noise. Finally, we compare the MIDAS model to other competing variance models including GARCH, GAS, HAR-RV and HAR-RV-J models. We find that the MIDAS model ? when it is applied on filtered data ?provides equivalent or even better variance forecasts than these models.

Suggested Citation

  • Denisa Banulescu-Radu & Christophe Hurlin & Bertrand Candelon & Sébastien Laurent, 2016. "Do We Need High Frequency Data to Forecast Variances?," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 123-124, pages 135-174.
  • Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2016:i:123-124:p:135-174
    DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.123-124.0135
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    4. Amendola, Alessandra & Braione, Manuela & Candila, Vincenzo & Storti, Giuseppe, 2020. "A Model Confidence Set approach to the combination of multivariate volatility forecasts," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 873-891.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Variance Forecasting; MIDAS; High-Frequency Data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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