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Consistent ranking of multivariate volatility models


  • LAURENT, Sebastien

    () (Université catholique de Louvain (UCL). Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE))

  • ROMBOUTS, Jeroen V.K.


A large number of parameterizations have been proposed to model conditional variance dynamics in a multivariate framework. This paper examines the ranking of multivariate volatility models in terms of their ability to forecast out-of-sample conditional variance matrices. We investigate how sensitive the ranking is to alternative statistical loss functions which evaluate the distance between the true covariance matrix and its forecast. The evaluation of multivariate volatility models requires the use of a proxy for the unobservable volatility matrix which may shift the ranking of the models. Therefore, to preserve this ranking conditions with respect to the choice of the loss function have to be discussed. To do this, we extend the conditions defined in Hansen and Lunde (2006) to the multivariate framework. By invoking norm equivalence we are able to extend the class of loss functions that preserve the true ranking. In a simulation study, we sample data from a continuous time multivariate diffusion process to illustrate the sensitivity of the ranking to different choices of the loss functions and to the quality of the proxy. An application to three foreign exchange rates, where we compare the forecasting performance of 16 multivariate GARCH specifications, is provided.

Suggested Citation

  • LAURENT, Sebastien & ROMBOUTS, Jeroen V.K. & VIOLANTE, FRANCESCO, 2009. "Consistent ranking of multivariate volatility models," CORE Discussion Papers 2009002, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2009002

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    Cited by:

    1. Valeri Voev, 2009. "On the Economic Evaluation of Volatility Forecasts," CREATES Research Papers 2009-56, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    2. Georgiana-Denisa Banulescu & Bertrand Candelon & Christophe Hurlin & Sébastien Laurent, 2014. "Do We Need Ultra-High Frequency Data to Forecast Variances?," Working Papers halshs-01078158, HAL.
    3. Varneskov, Rasmus & Voev, Valeri, 2013. "The role of realized ex-post covariance measures and dynamic model choice on the quality of covariance forecasts," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 83-95.
    4. Rasmus Tangsgaard Varneskov, 2011. "Flat-Top Realized Kernel Estimation of Quadratic Covariation with Non-Synchronous and Noisy Asset Prices," CREATES Research Papers 2011-35, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    5. Nicholas Taylor, 2014. "The Economic Value of Volatility Forecasts: A Conditional Approach," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 12(3), pages 433-478.
    6. Kevin Sheppard, 2014. "Factor High-Frequency Based Volatility (HEAVY) Models," Economics Series Working Papers 710, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    7. Audrino, Francesco, 2011. "Forecasting correlations during the late-2000s financial crisis: short-run component, long-run component, and structural breaks," Economics Working Paper Series 1112, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
    8. Manner, Hans & Reznikova, Olga, 2010. "Forecasting international stock market correlations: does anything beat a CCC?," Discussion Papers in Econometrics and Statistics 7/10, University of Cologne, Institute of Econometrics and Statistics.

    More about this item


    volatility; multivariate GARCH; matrix norm and loss function; norm equivalence;

    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)


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