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Parental Ethnic Identity and Child Development

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  • Campbell, Stuart

    (University of London)

  • Nuevo-Chiquero, Ana

    (University of Edinburgh)

  • Popli, Gurleen

    (University of Sheffield)

  • Ratcliffe, Anita

    (University of Sheffield)

Abstract

We examine the relationship between parental ethnic identity and cognitive development in ethnic minority children. This aspect of parental identity may shape children's cognitive outcomes through a direct influence on parenting behaviour, or by mediating parental access to social resources. Drawing an ethnic minority sample from a detailed UK cohort study, we find a negative association between maternal majority identity and children's cognitive test scores. This result is driven by poor households, by those who lack local family support networks, and by those who mostly speak a foreign language at home. We suggest that differential access to social resources is the most persuasive explanation of this result. Differences in parenting behaviour do not seem to play an important role.

Suggested Citation

  • Campbell, Stuart & Nuevo-Chiquero, Ana & Popli, Gurleen & Ratcliffe, Anita, 2019. "Parental Ethnic Identity and Child Development," IZA Discussion Papers 12104, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp12104
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    Cited by:

    1. Alessio Buonomo & Giuseppe Gabrielli & Salvatore Strozza, 2019. "Does maternal ethnic identity affect the educational trajectories of immigrant descendants?," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - The Italian Journal of Economic, Demographic and Statistical Studies, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 73(3), pages 101-110, July-Sept.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    ethnic identity; national identity; child development;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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