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Oppositional identities and the labor market

Author

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  • Harminder Battu

    ()

  • McDonald Mwale

    ()

  • Yves Zenou

    ()

Abstract

We develop a model in which non-white individuals are defined with respect to their social environment (family, friends, neighbours) and their attachments to their culture of origin (religion, language), and in which jobs are mainly found through social networks. We find that, depending on how strong peer pressures are, nonwhites choose to adopt “oppositional” identities since some individuals may identify with the dominant culture and others may reject that culture, even if it implies adverse labour market outcomes.
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Suggested Citation

  • Harminder Battu & McDonald Mwale & Yves Zenou, 2007. "Oppositional identities and the labor market," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 20(3), pages 643-667, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:20:y:2007:i:3:p:643-667
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-006-0093-8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ethnic minorities; Identity; Social networks; White’s norm; Multiple equilibria; A14; J15;

    JEL classification:

    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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