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Persistent Poverty and Children's Cognitive Development: Evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort Study

Author

Listed:
  • Andy Dickerson

    () (Department of Economics, The University of Sheffield)

  • Gurleen Popli

    () (Department of Economics, The University of Sheffield)

Abstract

We use data from the four sweeps of the UK Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) of children born at the turn of the century to document the impact that poverty, and in particular persistent poverty, has on their cognitive development in their early years. Using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM), we show that children born into poverty have significantly lower test scores at age 3, age 5 and age 7, and that continually living in poverty in their early years has a cumulative negative impact on their cognitive development. For children who are persistently in poverty throughout their early years, their cognitive development test scores at age 7 are almost 20 percentile ranks lower than children who have never experienced poverty, even after controlling for a wide range of background characteristics and parental investment.

Suggested Citation

  • Andy Dickerson & Gurleen Popli, 2011. "Persistent Poverty and Children's Cognitive Development: Evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort Study," Working Papers 2011023, The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:shf:wpaper:2011023
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Diaz, Yadira & Pudney, Stephen, 2013. "Measuring poverty persistence with missing data with an application to Peruvian panel data," ISER Working Paper Series 2013-22, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    2. repec:spr:chinre:v:11:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s12187-017-9477-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Zlata Bruckauf & Yekaterina Chzhen & UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2016. "Poverty and Children’s Cognitive Trajectories: Evidence from the United Kingdom Millennium Cohort Study," Papers inwopa839, Innocenti Working Papers.
    4. repec:spr:chinre:v:11:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s12187-016-9421-z is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Andrew Dickerson & Gurleen Popli, 2015. "The many dimensions of child poverty: Evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort Study," Working Papers 2015009, The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics.
    6. Richards, Jennifer L. & Chapple-McGruder, Theresa & Williams, Bryan L. & Kramer, Michael R., 2015. "Does neighborhood deprivation modify the effect of preterm birth on children's first grade academic performance?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 122-131.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    child poverty; cognitive development;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion

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