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Bend it like Beckham: Ethnic identity and integration

Author

Listed:
  • Alberto Bisin

    (NBER - National Bureau of Economic Research - National Bureau of Economic Research, NYU - New York University [New York] - NYU - NYU System)

  • Eleonora Patacchini

    () (Cornell University, Faculty of Statistics - Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" [Rome], CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR)

  • Thierry Verdier

    (PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Yves Zenouc

    (Stockholm University, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR)

Abstract

We propose a theoretical framework to study the determinants of ethnic and religious identity along two distinct motivational processes: cultural distinction and cultural conformity. Under cultural conformity, ethnic identity is reduced by neighborhood integration, which weakens group loyalties and prejudices. On the contrary, under cultural distinction, ethnic minorities are more motivated in retaining their own distinctive cultural heritage the more integrated are the neighborhoods where they reside and work. Using data on ethnic preferences and attitudes provided by the Fourth National Survey of Ethnic Minorities in the UK we find evidence that might be consistent with intense ethnic and religious identity mostly formed as a cultural distinction mechanism. Consistently, we document that ethnic identities might be more intense in mixed than in segregated neighborhoods.

Suggested Citation

  • Alberto Bisin & Eleonora Patacchini & Thierry Verdier & Yves Zenouc, 2016. "Bend it like Beckham: Ethnic identity and integration," Post-Print halshs-01509754, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01509754
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01509754
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sergio Currarini, & Elena Fumagalli & Fabrizio Panebianco, 2012. "Games on Networks: Direct Complements and Indirect Substitutes," Discussion Papers in Economics 13/04, Division of Economics, School of Business, University of Leicester.
    2. Verdier, Thierry & Zenou, Yves, 2018. "Cultural leader and the dynamics of assimilation," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 175(C), pages 374-414.
    3. Alberto Bisin & Eleonora Patacchini & Thierry Verdier & Yves Zenou, 2011. "Ethnic identity and labour market outcomes of immigrants in Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 26(01), pages 57-92, January.
    4. Colussi, Tommaso & Isphording, Ingo E. & Pestel, Nico, 2016. "Minority Salience and Political Extremism," IZA Discussion Papers 10417, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Sáez-Martı´, Maria & Zenou, Yves, 2012. "Cultural transmission and discrimination," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 137-146.
    6. Giacomo Corneo, 2010. "Nationalism, cognitive ability, and interpersonal relations," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 57(2), pages 119-141, June.
    7. Campbell, Stuart & Nuevo-Chiquero, Ana & Popli, Gurleen & Ratcliffe, Anita, 2019. "Parental Ethnic Identity and Child Development," IZA Discussion Papers 12104, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Bisin, Alberto & Patacchini, Eleonora & Verdier, Thierry & Zenou, Yves, 2011. "Formation and persistence of oppositional identities," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(8), pages 1046-1071.
    9. Poutvaara, Panu & Steinhardt, Max Friedrich, 2018. "Bitterness in life and attitudes towards immigration," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 471-490.
    10. Facundo Albornoz & Antonio Cabrales & Esther Hauk, 2014. "Which club should I attend, Dad?: Targeted socialization and production," Working Papers 2014-20, FEDEA.
    11. Kazutoshi Miyazawa & Hikaru Ogawa & Toshiki Tamai, 2018. "Tax Competition and Fiscal Sustainability," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-1103, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    12. Albornoz, Facundo & Cabrales, Antonio & Hauk, Esther, 2016. "Targeted socialization and production," CRETA Online Discussion Paper Series 23, Centre for Research in Economic Theory and its Applications CRETA.
    13. Alberto Alesina & Elie Murard & Hillel Rapoport, 2019. "Immigration and Preferences for Redistribution in Europe," NBER Working Papers 25562, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. repec:kap:reveho:v:17:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s11150-018-9439-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Yann Algan & Thierry Mayer & Mathias Thoenig, 2013. "The Economic Incentives of Cultural Transmission: Spatial : Spatial Evidence from Naming Patterns across France," Working Papers 2013-25, CEPII research center.
    16. Eleonora Patacchini & Yves Zenou, 2016. "Social networks and parental behavior in the intergenerational transmission of religion," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 7(3), pages 969-995, November.
    17. Sato, Yasuhiro & Zenou, Yves, 2018. "Assimilation Patterns in Cities," CEPR Discussion Papers 13364, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    18. Dewan, Torun & Wolton, Stephane, 2019. "A Political Economy of Social Discrimination," MPRA Paper 94394, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Giovanni Facchini & Eleonora Patacchini & Max F. Steinhardt, 2015. "Migration, Friendship Ties, and Cultural Assimilation," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 117(2), pages 619-649, April.
    20. Bryony Reich, 2010. "Identity, Community and Segregation," Working Papers 10-10, NET Institute.
    21. Jon Bakija & Adam Cole & Bradley Heim, 2008. "Jobs and Income Growth of Top Earners and the Causes of Changing Income Inequality: Evidence from U.S. Tax Return Data," Department of Economics Working Papers 2010-22, Department of Economics, Williams College, revised Jan 2012.
    22. Nora Grote & Tim Klausmann & Mario Scharfbillig, 2019. "Preference for Identification in the Field - Nudging Refugees' Integration Effort," Working Papers 1905, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz.
    23. Del Bello, Carlo & Panebianco, Fabrizio & Verdier, Thierry & Zenou, Yves, 2016. "Cultural Transmission and Socialization Spillovers in Education," CEPR Discussion Papers 11419, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    24. Corneo, Giacomo, 2009. "Symbolic Values, Value Formation and Interpersonal Relations," IZA Discussion Papers 4315, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ethnicity; Identity; Intermarriage; Cultural transmission;

    JEL classification:

    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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