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Identity and Labor Market Outcomes of Immigrants

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  • Maria Rosaria Carillo
  • Vincenzo Lombardo
  • Tiziana Venittelli

Abstract

This paper explores the relationship between social identity and labor market outcomes of immigrants. Using survey data from Italy, we provide robust evidence that immigrants with stronger feelings of belonging to the societies of both the host and home country have higher employment rates, while those who exclusively identify with the host country culture do not have a net occupational advantage. Analysis of the potential mechanisms suggests that, although simultaneous identification with host and home country groups can be costly, the positive effect of multiple social identities is especially triggered by the enlarged information transmission and in-group favoritism that identification with, and membership of, extended communities ensure.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Rosaria Carillo & Vincenzo Lombardo & Tiziana Venittelli, 2021. "Identity and Labor Market Outcomes of Immigrants," LEM Papers Series 2021/08, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:ssa:lemwps:2021/08
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Piracha, Matloob & Tani, Massimiliano & Cheng, Zhiming & Wang, Ben Zhe, 2021. "Ethnic identity and immigrants' labour market outcomes," GLO Discussion Paper Series 767, Global Labor Organization (GLO).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration; Integration; Ethnic identity; Acculturation; Culture; Labor market.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics

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