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Assimilation Patterns in Cities

Author

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  • Sato, Yasuhiro

    (University of Tokyo)

  • Zenou, Yves

    (Monash University)

Abstract

We develop a model in which ethnic minorities can either assimilate to the majority's norm or reject it by trading off higher productivity and wages with a greater social distance to their culture of origin. We show that "oppositional" ethnic minorities reside in more segregated areas, have worse outcomes (in terms of income) but are not necessarily worse off in terms of welfare than assimilated ethnic minorities who live in less segregated areas. We find that a policy that reduces transportation cost decreases rather than increases assimilation in cities. We also find that when there are more productivity spillovers between the two groups, ethnic minorities are more likely not to assimilate and to reject the majority's norm. Finally, we show that ethnic minorities tend to assimilate more in bigger and more expensive cities.

Suggested Citation

  • Sato, Yasuhiro & Zenou, Yves, 2019. "Assimilation Patterns in Cities," Working Paper Series 1303, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:1303
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    Cited by:

    1. Biavaschi, Costanza & Giulietti, Corrado & Zenou, Yves, 2021. "Social Networks and (Political) Assimilation in the Age of Mass Migration," CEPR Discussion Papers 16182, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Bhowmik, Anuj & Sen, Arijit, 2022. "Segmented assimilation: a minority's dilemma," MPRA Paper 111655, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. NAKAGAWA Mariko & SATO Yasuhiro & YAMAMOTO Kazuhiro, 2019. "Segregation and Public Spending under Social Identification," Discussion papers 19096, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    4. Itoh, Ryo & Sato, Yasuhiro & Zenou, Yves, 2021. "Intergenerational Assimilation of Minorities: The Role of the Majority Group," CEPR Discussion Papers 16830, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Identity; Agglomeration economies; Cities; Ethnic minorities; Welfare;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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