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The shifting drivers of global liquidity

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  • Avdjiev, Stefan
  • Gambacorta, Leonardo
  • Goldberg, Linda S.
  • Schiaffi, Stefano

Abstract

The post-crisis period has seen a considerable shift in the composition and drivers of international bank lending and international bond issuance, the two main components of global liquidity. The sensitivity of both types of flow to US monetary policy rose substantially in the immediate aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis, peaked around the time of the 2013 Fed2 "taper tantrum", and then partially reverted towards pre-crisis levels. Conversely, the responsiveness of international bank lending to global risk conditions declined considerably post-crisis and became similar to that of international debt securities. The increased sensitivity of international bank flows to US monetary policy has been driven mainly by post-crisis changes in the behaviour of national lending banking systems, especially those that ex ante had less well capitalized banks. By contrast, the post-crisis fall in the sensitivity of international bank lending to global risk was mainly due to a compositional effect, driven by increases in the lending market shares of better-capitalized national banking systems. The post-2013 reversal in the sensitivities to US monetary policy partially reflects the expected divergence of the monetary policy of the US and other advanced economies, highlighting the sensitivity of capital flows to the degree of commonality of cycles and the stance of policy. Moreover, global liquidity fluctuations have largely been driven by policy initiatives in creditor countries. Policies and prudential instruments that reinforced lending banks' capitalization and stable funding levels reduced the volatility of international lending flows.

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  • Avdjiev, Stefan & Gambacorta, Leonardo & Goldberg, Linda S. & Schiaffi, Stefano, 2017. "The shifting drivers of global liquidity," CEPR Discussion Papers 12127, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12127
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    1. repec:eee:inecon:v:112:y:2018:i:c:p:50-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Stefan Avdjiev & Galina Hale, 2018. "US monetary policy and fluctuations of international bank lending," BIS Working Papers 730, Bank for International Settlements.
    3. Ramon Moreno & José María Serena Garralda, 2018. "Firms' credit risk and the onshore transmission of the global financial cycle," BIS Working Papers 712, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Ragna Alstadheim & Christine Blandhol, 2018. "The global financial cycle, bank capital flows and monetary policy. Evidence from Norway," Working Paper 2018/2, Norges Bank.
    5. Temesvary, Judit & Ongena, Steven & Owen, Ann L., 2018. "A global lending channel unplugged? Does U.S. monetary policy affect cross-border and affiliate lending by global U.S. banks?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 50-69.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital Flows; Global liquidity; international bank lending; international bond flows;

    JEL classification:

    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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