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Gross capital flows: dynamics and crises

Author

Listed:
  • Fernando Broner

    (CREI and Universitat Pompeu Fabra)

  • Tatiana Didier

    (World Bank)

  • Aitor Erce

    (Banco de España)

  • Sergio L. Schmukler

    (World Bank)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the joint behavior of international capital flows by foreigners and domestic agents over the business cycle and during financial crises. We show that gross capital flows by foreigners and domestic agents are very large and volatile relative to net capital flows. Namely, when foreigners invest in a country domestic agents tend to invest abroad, and vice versa. Gross capital flows are also pro-cyclical. During expansions, foreigners tend to bring in more capital and domestic agents tend to invest more abroad. During crises, especially during severe ones, there is retrenchment, i.e. a reduction in capital inflows by foreigners and an increase in capital inflows by domestic agents. This evidence sheds light on the nature of the shocks driving international capital flows and discriminates among existing theories. Our findings are consistent with shocks that affect foreigners and domestic agents asymmetrically - e.g. sovereign risk and asymmetric information - over productivity shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernando Broner & Tatiana Didier & Aitor Erce & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2011. "Gross capital flows: dynamics and crises," Working Papers 1039, Banco de España.
  • Handle: RePEc:bde:wpaper:1039
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gross capital flows; net capital flows; domestic investors; foreign investors; crises;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

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