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Financial deglobalisation in banking?

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  • McCauley, Robert N.
  • Bénétrix, Agustín S.
  • McGuire, Patrick M.
  • von Peter, Goetz

Abstract

This paper argues that the decline in cross-border banking since 2007 does not amount to a broad-based retreat in international lending (“financial deglobalisation”). We show that BIS international banking data organised by the nationality of reporting banks provide a clearer picture of international financial integration than the traditional “residence”, or balance-of-payments, view. They show that what appears to be a global shrinkage of bank positions is actually driven by European banks. These banks uniquely responded to credit losses after 2007 by shedding assets abroad to restore capital ratios. Other banking systems’ global footprints, notably those of Japanese, Canadian and even US banks, have expanded since 2007. Using a global dataset of banks’ affiliates (branches and subsidiaries), we demonstrate that the who (i.e., bank nationality) accounts for more of the peak-to-trough shrinkage in foreign claims than does the where (i.e., locational factors). We relate bank nationality in turn to EU membership, which may reflect asset shrinkage required by the EU competition authorities in response to state aid, bank profitability and credit losses.

Suggested Citation

  • McCauley, Robert N. & Bénétrix, Agustín S. & McGuire, Patrick M. & von Peter, Goetz, 2019. "Financial deglobalisation in banking?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 116-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:94:y:2019:i:c:p:116-131
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2019.01.011
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    1. repec:sgm:wnwzuw:y:2019:v:1:ch:3:p:56-87 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:spr:weltar:v:155:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s10290-019-00342-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Herzberg, Valerie & McQuade, Peter, 2018. "International bank flows and bank business models since the crisis," Financial Stability Notes 5/FS/18, Central Bank of Ireland.
    4. Lorenz Emter & Martin Schmitz & Marcel Tirpák, 2019. "Cross-border banking in the EU since the crisis: What is driving the great retrenchment?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 155(2), pages 287-326, May.
    5. Herzberg, Valerie & McQuade, Peter, 2018. "International bank flows and bank business models since the crisis," Financial Stability Notes 05-18, Central Bank of Ireland.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial globalisation; International banking; Consolidation; Bank nationality; Ownership;

    JEL classification:

    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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