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The spillovers, interactions, and (un)intended consequences of monetary and regulatory policies

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  • Forbes, Kristin

    (Monetary Policy Committee Unit, Bank of England)

  • Reinhardt, Dennis

    (Monetary Policy Committee Unit, Bank of England)

  • Wieladek, Tomasz

    (Monetary Policy Committee Unit, Bank of England)

Abstract

Have bank regulatory policies and unconventional monetary policies — and any possible interactions — been a factor behind the recent ‘deglobalisation’ in cross-border bank lending? To test this hypothesis, we use bank-level data from the United Kingdom — a country at the heart of the global financial system. Our results suggest that increases in microprudential capital requirements tend to reduce international bank lending and some forms of unconventional monetary policy can amplify this effect. Specifically, the United Kingdom’s Funding for Lending Scheme (FLS) significantly amplified the effects of increased capital requirements on external lending. Quantitative easing may also have had an amplification effect, but these estimates are usually insignificant and smaller in magnitude. We find that this interaction between microprudential regulations and the FLS can explain roughly 30% of the contraction in aggregate UK cross-border bank lending between mid-2012 and end-2013, corresponding to around 10% of the contraction globally. This suggests that unconventional monetary policy designed to support domestic lending can have the unintended consequence of reducing foreign lending.

Suggested Citation

  • Forbes, Kristin & Reinhardt, Dennis & Wieladek, Tomasz, 2016. "The spillovers, interactions, and (un)intended consequences of monetary and regulatory policies," Discussion Papers 44, Monetary Policy Committee Unit, Bank of England.
  • Handle: RePEc:mpc:wpaper:0044
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cesa-Bianchi, Ambrogio & Ferrero, Andrea & Rebucci, Alessandro, 2018. "International credit supply shocks," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 219-237.
    2. Forbes, Kristin & Reinhardt, Dennis & Wieladek, Tomasz, 2017. "The spillovers, interactions, and (un)intended consequences of monetary and regulatory policies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 1-22.
    3. Stefan Avdjiev & Leonardo Gambacorta & Linda S. Goldberg & Stefano Schiaffi, 2017. "The Shifting Drivers of Global Liquidity," NBER Working Papers 23565, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Kleymenova, Anya & Rose, Andrew K. & Wieladek, Tomasz, 2016. "Does government intervention affect banking globalization?," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 146-161.
    5. repec:eee:inecon:v:111:y:2018:i:c:p:143-158 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Chakraborty, Indraneel & Hai, Rong & Holter, Hans A. & Stepanchuk, Serhiy, 2017. "The real effects of financial (dis)integration: A multi-country equilibrium analysis of Europe," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 28-45.
    7. repec:bis:bisbps:97 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital requirements; Funding for Lending Scheme; financial deglobalisation;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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