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Cross-border banking in the EU since the crisis: what is driving the great retrenchment?

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  • Emter, Lorenz
  • Schmitz, Martin
  • Tirpák, Marcel

Abstract

This paper examines the drivers of the retrenchment in cross-border banking in the European Union (EU) since the global financial crisis, which stands out in international comparison as banks located in the euro area and in the rest of the EU reduced their cross-border claims by around 25%. Particularly striking is the sharp and sustained reduction in intra-EU claims, especially in the form of deleveraging from cross-border interbank loans. Examining a wide range of possible determinants, we identify high non-performing loans as an important impediment to cross-border lending after the crisis, highlighting the spillovers from national banking sector conditions across the EU. We also find evidence that prudential policies can entail spillovers via cross-border banking in the EU, albeit with heterogeneity across instruments in terms of direction, magnitude and significance. Our results do not point to a major role of newly introduced bank levies in explaining cross-border banking developments. JEL Classification: F21, F30, F42, G15, G28

Suggested Citation

  • Emter, Lorenz & Schmitz, Martin & Tirpák, Marcel, 2018. "Cross-border banking in the EU since the crisis: what is driving the great retrenchment?," Working Paper Series 2130, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20182130
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank levy; cross-border banking; deleveraging; financial integration; international capital flows; prudential policies; regulation;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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