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Drivers of Structural Change in Cross-Border Banking Since the Global Financial Crisis

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  • Bremus, Franziska
  • Fratzscher, Marcel

Abstract

The paper analyzes the effects of changes to regulatory policy and to monetary policy on cross-border bank lending since the global financial crisis. Cross-border bank lending has decreased, and the home bias in the credit portfolio of banks has risen sharply, especially among banks in the euro area. Our results suggest that expansionary monetary policy in the source countries – as measured by the change in reserves held at central banks - has encouraged cross-border lending, both in euro area and non-euro area countries. Regarding regulatory policy, increases in financial supervisory power or independence of the supervisory authorities have encouraged credit outflows from source countries. The findings thus underline the importance of regulatory arbitrage as a driver of cross-border bank flows since the global financial crisis. However, in the euro area, arbitrage in capital stringency was linked to lower cross-border lending since the crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Bremus, Franziska & Fratzscher, Marcel, 2014. "Drivers of Structural Change in Cross-Border Banking Since the Global Financial Crisis," CEPR Discussion Papers 10296, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:10296
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    Cited by:

    1. Jana Ohls & Marcus Pramor & Lena Tonzer, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Germany," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 129-162, March.
    2. Isabel Argimón & Clemens Bonner & Ricardo Correa & Patty Duijm & Jon Frost & Jakob de Haan & Leo de Haan & Viktors Stebunovs, 2018. "Financial institutions' business models and the global transmission of monetary policy," Working Papers 1815, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    3. Leonardo Gambacorta & Stefano Schiaffi & Adrian Van Rixtel, 2017. "Changing business models in international bank funding," Working Papers 1736, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    4. Fratzscher, Marcel & König, Philipp Johann & Lambert, Claudia, 2016. "Credit provision and banking stability after the Great Financial Crisis: The role of bank regulation and the quality of governance," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 113-135.
    5. Bremus, Franziska & Neugebauer, Katja, 2018. "Reduced cross-border lending and financing costs of SMEs," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 35-58.
    6. Buchholz, Manuel & Schmidt, Kirsten & Tonzer, Lena, 2017. "Do conventional monetary policy instruments matter in unconventional times?," IWH Discussion Papers 12/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    7. H. Evren Damar & Adi Mordel, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Canada," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 35-64, March.
    8. Ayala, Diana & Nedeljkovic, Milan & Saborowski, Christian, 2017. "What slice of the pie? The corporate bond market boom in emerging economies," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 16-35.
    9. Eichler, Stefan & Littke, Helge C.N. & Tonzer, Lena, 2017. "Central bank transparency and cross-border banking," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 1-30.
    10. Hibiki Ichiue & Frederic Lambert, 2016. "Post-crisis International Banking; An Analysis with New Regulatory Survey Data," IMF Working Papers 16/88, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Buch, Claudia M. & Goldberg, Linda S., 2016. "Cross-border prudential policy spillovers: how much? How important? Evidence from the International Banking Research Network," Staff Reports 801, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    12. Sebastian Doerr & Philipp Schaz, 2018. "Bank Loan Supply during Crises: The Importance of Geographic Diversification," ECON - Working Papers 288, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
    13. McQuade, Peter & Schmitz, Martin, 2017. "The great moderation in international capital flows: A global phenomenon?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 73(PA), pages 188-212.
    14. Faia, Ester & Weder, Beatrice, 2016. "Cross-Border Resolution of Global Banks: Bail in under Single Point of Entry versus Multiple Points of Entry," CEPR Discussion Papers 11171, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    15. João Amador & João Falcão Silva, 2017. "Banks international asset portfolios: optimality, linkages and resilience," IFC Bulletins chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Statistical implications of the new financial landscape, volume 43 Bank for International Settlements.
    16. Jose M Berrospide & Ricardo Correa & Linda S Goldberg & Friederike Niepmann, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from the United States," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 435-476, March.
    17. Samira Hellou, 2018. "Term structure of bank flows to emerging countries: what effects of short- vs. long-term regulatory arbitrage are?," EconomiX Working Papers 2018-23, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    18. Franziska Bremus & Katja Neugebauer, 2017. "Don't Stop Me Now: The Impact of Credit Market Fragmentation on Firms' Financing Constraints," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1650, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    19. Fosu, Samuel & Danso, Albert & Ahmad, Wasim & Coffie, William, 2016. "Information asymmetry, leverage and firm value: Do crisis and growth matter?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 140-150.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    arbitrage; cross-border bank lending; financial integration; home bias; monetary policy; regulation;

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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