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Capital Requirements, Risk Shifting and the Mortgage Market

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  • Uluc, Arzu
  • Wieladek, Tomasz

Abstract

We study the effect of changes to bank-specific capital requirements on mortgage loan supply with a new loan-level dataset containing all mortgages issued in the UK between 2005Q2 and 2007Q2. We find that a rise of a 100 basis points in capital requirements leads to a 5.4% decline in individual loan size by bank. Loans issued by competing banks rise by roughly the same amount, which is indicative of credit substitution. Borrowers with an impaired credit history (verified income) are not (most) affected. This is consistent with origination of riskier loans to grow capital by raising retained earnings. No evidence for credit substitution of non-bank finance companies is found.

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  • Uluc, Arzu & Wieladek, Tomasz, 2016. "Capital Requirements, Risk Shifting and the Mortgage Market," CEPR Discussion Papers 11214, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11214
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    3. repec:nbb:reswpp:201606-306 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Sophia Lazaretou, 2016. "The Greek brain drain: the new pattern of Greek emigration during the recent crisis," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 43, pages 31-53, July.
    5. Tölö, Eero & Miettinen, Paavo, 2018. "How do shocks to bank capital affect lending and growth?," Research Discussion Papers 25/2018, Bank of Finland.
    6. Faidon Kalfaoglou, 2016. "Bank recapitalisation: a necessary but not sufficient condition for resuming lending," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 43, pages 55-75, July.
    7. Holton, Sarah & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza, 2018. "Interest rate pass-through since the euro area crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 277-291.
    8. Sumit Agarwal & Xudong An & Lawrence R. Cordell & Raluca Roman, 2020. "Bank Stress Test Results and Their Impact on Consumer Credit Markets," Working Papers 20-30, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    9. Stijn Ferrari & Mara Pirovano & Pablo Rovira Kaltwasser, 2016. "Systemic risk, macroprudential policy, bank capital requirements, real estate," Working Paper Research 306, National Bank of Belgium.
    10. Bank for International Settlements, 2018. "Structural changes in banking after the crisis," CGFS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 60.
    11. Styliani Belli & Constantina Backinezos, 2016. "The transition to the new methodology for the compilation of balance of payments statistics – BPM6," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 43, pages 19-29, July.
    12. repec:bog:econbl:y:2016:i:43:p:19-29 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Nikos Vettas & Ioannis Giotopoulos & Evangelia Valavanioti & Svetoslav Danchev, 2016. "The determinants of new firms’ export performance," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 43, pages 7-17, July.
    14. repec:bog:econbl:y:2016:i:43:p:31-53 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:bog:econbl:y:2016:i:43:p:7-17 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Michael Abendschein & Harry Gölz, 2021. "International cooperation on financial market regulation," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 18(4), pages 787-824, October.
    17. Patrick van Roy & Gaia Barbic & Anne Koban & Charalampos Kouratzoglou, 2017. "Use of credit registers to monitor financial stability risks: A cross-country application to sectoral risk," IFC Bulletins chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Data needs and Statistics compilation for macroprudential analysis, volume 46, Bank for International Settlements.
    18. Tracey, Belinda & Schnittker, Christian & Sowerbutts, Rhiannon, 2017. "Bank capital and risk-taking: evidence from misconduct provisions," Bank of England working papers 671, Bank of England, revised 09 Oct 2018.
    19. repec:zbw:bofrdp:2018_025 is not listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital requirements; credit substitution.; loan-level data; mortgage market;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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