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The Real Effects of Capital Requirements and Monetary Policy: Evidence from the United Kingdom

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  • Filippo De Marco
  • Tomasz Wieladek

Abstract

We study the effects of bank-specific capital requirements on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the UK from 1998 to 2006. Following a 1% increase in capital requirements, SMEs’ asset growth contracts by 6.9% in the first year of a new bankfirm relationship, but the effect declines over time. We also compare the effects of capital requirements to those of monetary policy. Monetary policy only affects firms with higher credit risk and those borrowing from small banks, whereas capital requirements affect both. Capital requirement changes, instead, do not affect firms with alternative sources of finance, but monetary policy shocks do.

Suggested Citation

  • Filippo De Marco & Tomasz Wieladek, 2016. "The Real Effects of Capital Requirements and Monetary Policy: Evidence from the United Kingdom," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1640, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:baf:cbafwp:cbafwp1640
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    6. O. Borzykh., 2017. "The impact of banks’ capital adequacy ratio on bank lending channel of monetary transmission in Russia," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 7.
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    9. Imbierowicz, Björn & Löffler, Axel & Vogel, Ursula, 2019. "The transmission of bank capital requirements and monetary policy to bank lending," Discussion Papers 49/2019, Deutsche Bundesbank.
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    11. Lubberink, Martien, 2020. "Max Headroom: Discretionary Capital Buffers and Bank Risk," MPRA Paper 100445, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Björn Imbierowicz & Axel Löffler & Ursula Vogel, 2021. "The transmission of bank capital requirements and monetary policy to bank lending in Germany," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(1), pages 144-164, February.
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    16. Acharya, Viral V. & Bergant, Katharina & Crosignani, Matteo & Eisert, Tim & McCann, Fergal, 2020. "The Anatomy of the Transmission of Macroprudential Policies," CEPR Discussion Papers 14959, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    19. Bahaj, Saleem & Malherbe, Frédéric, 2016. "A positive analysis of bank behaviour under capital requirements," CEPR Discussion Papers 11607, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital requirements; SME real effects; relationship lending; microprudential and monetary policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers

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