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The Real Effects of Capital Requirements and Monetary Policy: Evidence from the United Kingdom

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  • Filippo De Marco
  • Tomasz Wieladek

Abstract

We study the effects of bank-specific capital requirements on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the UK from 1998 to 2006. Following a 1% increase in capital requirements, SMEs’ asset growth contracts by 6.9% in the first year of a new bankfirm relationship, but the effect declines over time. We also compare the effects of capital requirements to those of monetary policy. Monetary policy only affects firms with higher credit risk and those borrowing from small banks, whereas capital requirements affect both. Capital requirement changes, instead, do not affect firms with alternative sources of finance, but monetary policy shocks do.

Suggested Citation

  • Filippo De Marco & Tomasz Wieladek, 2016. "The Real Effects of Capital Requirements and Monetary Policy: Evidence from the United Kingdom," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1640, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:baf:cbafwp:cbafwp1640
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    Cited by:

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    2. Lubberink, Martien, 2020. "Max Headroom: Discretionary Capital Buffers and Bank Risk," MPRA Paper 100445, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Mary Everett & Jakob de Haan & David‐Jan Jansen & Peter McQuade & Anna Samarina, 2021. "Mortgage lending, monetary policy, and prudential measures in small euro‐area economies: Evidence from Ireland and the Netherlands," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(1), pages 117-143, February.
    4. Rob Davies & Laurence Harris & Konstantin Makrelov, 2019. "The impact of a higher leverage ratio on the South African economy," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2019-35, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Katharina Bergant & Viral V. Acharya & Matteo Crosignani & Tim Eisert & Fergal McCann, 2020. "The Anatomy of the Transmission of Macroprudential Policies," IMF Working Papers 2020/058, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Uluc, Arzu & Wieladek, Tomasz, 2018. "Capital requirements, monetary policy and risk shifting in the mortgage market," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 35(PB), pages 3-16.
    7. De Jonghe, Olivier & Dewachter, Hans & Ongena, Steven, 2020. "Bank capital (requirements) and credit supply: Evidence from pillar 2 decisions," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    8. O. Borzykh., 2017. "The impact of banks’ capital adequacy ratio on bank lending channel of monetary transmission in Russia," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 7.
    9. Matthieu Bussière & Robert Hills & Simon Lloyd & Baptiste Meunier & Justine Pedrono & Dennis Reinhardt & Rhiannon Sowerbutts, 2021. "Le Pont de Londres: Interactions between monetary and prudential policies in cross‐border lending," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(1), pages 61-86, February.
    10. Jon Frost & Patty Duijm & Clemens Bonner & Leo Haan & Jakob Haan, 2019. "International Lending of Dutch Insurers and Pension Funds: the Impact of ECB Monetary Policy and Prudential Policies in the Host Country," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 445-456, July.
    11. Acosta-Smith, Jonathan & Arnould, Guillaume & Milonas, Kristoffer & Vo, Quynh-Anh, 2019. "Capital and liquidity interaction in banking," Bank of England working papers 840, Bank of England, revised 22 Jun 2020.
    12. Bahaj, Saleem & Malherbe, Frédéric, 2016. "A positive analysis of bank behaviour under capital requirements," CEPR Discussion Papers 11607, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Marina-Eliza Spaliara & Serafeim Tsoukas & Paul Lavery, 2021. "Private equity and bank capital requirements: Evidence from European firms," Working Papers 2021_11, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    14. Jonathan Benchimol & Gamrasni Inon & Kahn Michael & Ribon Sigal & Saadon Yossi & Ben-Ze'Ev Noam & Segal Asaf & Shizgal Yitzchak, 2021. "The Interaction Between Domestic Monetary Policy and Macroprudential Policy in Israel," Bank of Israel Working Papers 2021.02, Bank of Israel.
    15. Tuuli, Saara, 2019. "Model-based regulation and firms' access to finance," Research Discussion Papers 4/2019, Bank of Finland.
    16. Imbierowicz, Björn & Löffler, Axel & Vogel, Ursula, 2019. "The transmission of bank capital requirements and monetary policy to bank lending," Discussion Papers 49/2019, Deutsche Bundesbank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital requirements; SME real effects; relationship lending; microprudential and monetary policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers

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