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To ask or not to ask? Bank capital requirements and loan collateralization

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  • Degryse, Hans
  • Karapetyan, Artashes
  • Karmakar, Sudipto

Abstract

We exploit the 2011 EBA Capital exercise, a quasi-natural experiment that required a number of banks to increase their regulatory capital. This experiment makes secured lending for the affected banks more attractive vis-à-vis unsecured lending, because secured loans require less regulatory capital. Using loan-level data covering the universe of bank loans in Portugal, we identify how banks require collateral on new loans when facing higher capital requirements: relative to the control group, treated banks require loans to be collateralized more often after the shock. We find the affected banks partially shield their relationship borrowers. The increased collateralization also has economically relevant real effects. Treated banks reallocate funds towards sectors with greater asset tangibility. Firms and sectors borrowing to a greater degree from treated banks exhibit lower growth and tilt their investments towards tangible assets.

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  • Degryse, Hans & Karapetyan, Artashes & Karmakar, Sudipto, 2021. "To ask or not to ask? Bank capital requirements and loan collateralization," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 142(1), pages 239-260.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:142:y:2021:i:1:p:239-260
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2021.05.017
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    3. Kosenko, Konstantin & Michelson, Noam, 2022. "It takes more than two to tango: Multiple bank lending, asset commonality and risk," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
    4. Gropp, Reint & Mosk, Thomas & Ongena, Steven & Simac, Ines & Wix, Carlo, 2020. "Supranational rules, national discretion: Increasing versus inflating regulatory bank capital?," SAFE Working Paper Series 296, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    5. Cappelletti, Giuseppe & Reghezza, Alessio & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza & Spaggiari, Martina, 2020. "Compositional effects of O-SII capital buffers and the role of monetary policy," Working Paper Series 2440, European Central Bank.
    6. Sérgio Leão & Rafael Schiozer & Raquel F. Oliveira & Gustavo Araujo, 2022. "Lending Relationships and Currency Hedging," Working Papers Series 565, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    7. Krzyzanowski, Jan & Walz, Uwe, 2021. "Bank regulation, lending and patenting: Evidence from the EBA capital exercise," SAFE Working Paper Series 330, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital requirements; Collateral; Relationship lending; Lending technology;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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