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Bank response to higher capital requirements: Evidence from a quasi-natural experiment

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Listed:
  • Gropp, Reint
  • Mosk, Thomas
  • Ongena, Steven
  • Wix, Carlo

Abstract

We study the impact of higher capital requirements on banks' balance sheets and its transmission to the real economy. The 2011 EBA capital exercise is an almost ideal quasi-natural experiment to identify this impact with a difference-in-differences matching estimator. We find that treated banks increase their capital ratios by reducing their risk-weighted assets and - consistent with debt overhang - not by raising their levels of equity. Banks reduce lending to corporate and retail customers, resulting in lower asset-, investment- and sales growth for firms obtaining a larger share of their bank credit from the treated banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Gropp, Reint & Mosk, Thomas & Ongena, Steven & Wix, Carlo, 2018. "Bank response to higher capital requirements: Evidence from a quasi-natural experiment," SAFE Working Paper Series 156, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:safewp:156
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Van Horen, Neeltje & Kotidis, Antonis, 2018. "Repo market functioning: the role of capital regulation," Bank of England working papers 746, Bank of England.
    2. Ernest Dautovic, 2019. "Has Regulatory Capital Made Banks Safer? Skin in the Game vs Moral Hazard," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'économie 19.03, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, Département d’économie.
    3. Acharya, Viral & Eisert, Tim & Eufinger, Christian & Hirsch, Christian, 2017. "Whatever it takes: The real effects of unconventional monetary policy," SAFE Working Paper Series 152, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    4. Jorge Abad & Javier Suarez, 2018. "The Procyclicality of Expected Credit Loss Provisions," Working Papers wp2018_1806, CEMFI.
    5. Cappelletti, Giuseppe & Peeters, Jonas & Budrys, Žymantas & Varraso, Paolo & Ponte Marques, Aurea, 2019. "Impact of higher capital buffers on banks’ lending and risk-taking: evidence from the euro area experiments," Working Paper Series 2292, European Central Bank.
    6. Antonio M. Conti & Andrea Nobili & Federico M. Signoretti, 2018. "Bank capital constraints, lending supply and economic activity," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1199, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    7. Laura Blattner & Luisa Farinha & Francisca Rebelo, 2017. "When Losses Turn Into Loans: The Cost of Undercapitalized Banks," 2017 Papers pbl215, Job Market Papers.
    8. Altunbas, Yener & Manganelli, Simone & Marques-Ibanez, David, 2017. "Realized bank risk during the great recession," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 29-44.
    9. Christophe Cahn & Mattia Girotti & Federica Salvadè, 2018. "External Credit Ratings and Bank Lending," Working papers 691, Banque de France.
    10. Sivec, Vasja & Volk, Matjaz, 2017. "Bank Response to Policy Related Changes in Capital Requirements," MPRA Paper 83058, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Blattner, Laura & Farinha, Luísa & Rebelo, Francisca, 2019. "When losses turn into loans: the cost of undercapitalized banks," Working Paper Series 2228, European Central Bank.
    12. Wix, Carlo, 2017. "The long-run real effects of banking crises: Firm-level investment dynamics and the role of wage rigidity," SAFE Working Paper Series 189, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    13. Ambrocio, Gene & Jokivuolle, Esa, 2017. "Should bank capital requirements be less risk-sensitive because of credit constraints?," Research Discussion Papers 10/2017, Bank of Finland.
    14. Tracey, Belinda & Schnittker, Christian & Sowerbutts, Rhiannon, 2017. "Bank capital and risk-taking: evidence from misconduct provisions," Bank of England working papers 671, Bank of England, revised 09 Oct 2018.
    15. Rehbein, Oliver, 2018. "Flooded through the back door: Firm-level effects of banks' lending shifts," IWH Discussion Papers 4/2018, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    16. Imbierowicz, Björn & Kragh, Jonas & Rangvid, Jesper, 2018. "Time-varying capital requirements and disclosure rules: Effects on capitalization and lending decisions," Discussion Papers 18/2018, Deutsche Bundesbank.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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