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Some Borrowers are More Equal than Others: Bank Funding Shocks and Credit Reallocation

Author

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  • Olivier De Jonghe

    (Tilburg University - Department of Finance; National Bank of Belgium - Research Department; Tilburg University - European Banking Center)

  • Hans Dewachter

    (Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - Department of Economics; Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM))

  • Klaas Mulier

    (Ghent University-Universiteit Gent - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration)

  • Steven Ongena

    (University of Zurich - Department of Banking and Finance; Swiss Finance Institute; KU Leuven; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR))

  • Glenn Schepens

    (ECB -Financial Research Division)

Abstract

This paper provides evidence on the strategic lending decisions made by banks facing a negative funding shock. Using bank- rm level credit data, we show that banks reallocate credit within their domestic loan portfolio in at least three different ways. First, banks reallocate to sectors where they have high sector presence. Second, they also reallocate to sectors in which they are heavily specialized. Third, they reallocate credit towards low-risk fi rms. These reallocation effects are economically large. A standard deviation improvement in sector presence, sector specialization or fi rm risk reduces the transmission of the funding shock to credit supply by 22, 8 and 10%, respectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier De Jonghe & Hans Dewachter & Klaas Mulier & Steven Ongena & Glenn Schepens, 2019. "Some Borrowers are More Equal than Others: Bank Funding Shocks and Credit Reallocation," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 19-45, Swiss Finance Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:chf:rpseri:rp1945
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    Cited by:

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    2. David Elliott & Ralf R. Meisenzahl & José-Luis Peydró & B.C. Turner, 2019. "Nonbanks, banks, and monetary policy: U.S. loan-level evidence since the 1990s," Economics Working Papers 1679, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Feb 2020.
    3. Gete, Pedro, 2018. "Lending standards and macroeconomic dynamics," Working Paper Series 2207, European Central Bank.
    4. Paul Pelzl & María Teresa Valderrama, 2019. "Capital regulations and the management of credit commitments during crisis times," DNB Working Papers 661, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    5. Farinha, Luísa & Spaliara, Marina-Eliza & Tsoukas, Serafeim, 2019. "Bank shocks and firm performance: New evidence from the sovereign debt crisis," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 40(C).
    6. Sebastian Doerr, 2019. "Unintended side effects: stress tests, entrepreneurship, and innovation," BIS Working Papers 823, Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Sebastian Doerr & Philipp Schaz, 2018. "Bank loan supply during crises: the importance of geographic diversification," ECON - Working Papers 288, Department of Economics - University of Zurich, revised Mar 2019.
    8. Ramon Moreno & José María Serena Garralda, 2018. "Firms' credit risk and the onshore transmission of the global financial cycle," BIS Working Papers 712, Bank for International Settlements.
    9. Agarwal,Sumit & Correa,Ricardo & Morais,Bernardo & Roldan,Jessica & Ruiz Ortega,Claudia, 2020. "Owe a Bank Millions, the Bank Has a Problem : Credit Concentration in Bad Times," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9202, The World Bank.
    10. De Jonghe, Olivier & Dewachter, Hans & Ongena, Steven, 2020. "Bank capital (requirements) and credit supply: Evidence from pillar 2 decisions," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    11. Caterina Mendicino & Kalin Nikolov & Juan Rubio-Ramirez & Javier Suarez, 2020. "Twin Default Crises," Working Papers 2020-01, FEDEA.
    12. Xiang Fang & David Jutrsa & Maria Soledad Martinez Peria & Andrea F Presbitero & Lev Ratnovski & Felix J Vardy, 2018. "The Effects of Higher Bank Capital Requirements on Credit in Peru," IMF Working Papers 2018/222, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Yassine Bakkar & Olivier de Jonghe & Amine Tarazi, 2017. "Does banks' systemic importance affect their capital structure and balance sheet adjustment processes?," Working Papers hal-01636253, HAL.
    14. Raphael Auer & Steven Ongena, 2016. "The countercyclical capital buffer and the composition of bank lending," BIS Working Papers 593, Bank for International Settlements.
    15. Guler, Ozan & Mariathasan, Mike & Mulier, Klaas & Okatan, Nejat G., 2019. "The Real Effects of Credit Supply: Review, Synthesis, and Future Directions," MPRA Paper 96542, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Beck, Thorsten & Da-Rocha-Lopes, Samuel & Silva, Andre, 2017. "Sharing the Pain? Credit Supply and Real Effects of Bank Bail-ins," CEPR Discussion Papers 12058, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    17. Caterina Mendicino & Kalin Nikolov & Juan Rubio-Ramirez & Javier Suarez & Dominik Supera, 2020. "Twin Default Crises," Working Papers wp2020_2006, CEMFI.
    18. M. Ali Choudhary & Anil K. Jain, 2017. "Finance and Inequality : The Distributional Impacts of Bank Credit Rationing," International Finance Discussion Papers 1211, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    19. Gómez, Esteban & Murcia, Andrés & Lizarazo, Angélica & Mendoza, Juan Carlos, 2020. "Evaluating the impact of macroprudential policies on credit growth in Colombia," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 42(C).
    20. Giebel, Marek & Kraft, Kornelius, 2020. "Bank credit supply and firm innovation behavior in the financial crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 121(C).
    21. Yassine Bakkar & Olivier de Jonghe & Amine Tarazi, 2017. "Does banks' systemic importance affect their capital structure adjustment process?," Working Papers hal-01546995, HAL.
    22. Beck, Thorsten & De Jonghe, Olivier & Mulier, Klaas, 2017. "Bank sectoral concentration and (systemic) risk: Evidence from a worldwide sample of banks," CEPR Discussion Papers 12009, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    lCredit reallocation; bank funding shock; domestic credit; sector specialization; firm risk;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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