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The Rise of Shadow Banking: Evidence from Capital Regulation

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  • Irani, Rustom M
  • Iyer, Rajkamal
  • Meisenzahl, Ralf
  • Peydró, José Luis

Abstract

We investigate the connections between bank capital regulation and the prevalence of lightly regulated nonbanks (shadow banks) in the U.S. corporate loan market. For identification, we exploit a supervisory credit register of syndicated loans, loan-time fixed-effects, and shocks to capital requirements arising from surprise features of the U.S. implementation of Basel III. We find that less-capitalized banks reduce loan retention and nonbanks step in, particularly among loans with higher capital requirements and at times when capital is scarce. This reallocation has important spillovers: loans funded by nonbanks with fragile liabilities experience greater sales and price volatility during the 2008 crisis.

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  • Irani, Rustom M & Iyer, Rajkamal & Meisenzahl, Ralf & Peydró, José Luis, 2018. "The Rise of Shadow Banking: Evidence from Capital Regulation," CEPR Discussion Papers 12913, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12913
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Basel III; Distressed debt; Interactions between banks and nonbanks; Risk-based capital regulation; Shadow banks; Trading by banks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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